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Category Archives: Computer Organization & Architecture

Given an octal number as input, we need to write a program to convert the given octal number into equivalent decimal number. Examples: Input :… Read More
Given a decimal number as input, we need to write a program to convert the given decimal number into an equivalent octal number. i.e convert… Read More
Given a decimal number as input, we need to write a program to convert the given decimal number into equivalent binary number. Examples:  Input :… Read More
Given a binary number as input, we need to write a program to convert the given binary number into an equivalent decimal number. Examples : … Read More
The method that is used to transfer information between internal storage and external I/O devices is known as I/O interface. The CPU is interfaced using… Read More
Please see Set 1 for Execution, Stages and Performance (Throughput) and Set 3 for Types of Pipeline and Stalling.   Dependencies in a pipelined processor… Read More
Please see Set 1 for Execution, Stages and Performance (Throughput) and Set 2 for Dependencies and Data Hazard.   Types of pipeline Uniform delay pipeline… Read More
To improve the performance of a CPU we have two options: 1) Improve the hardware by introducing faster circuits. 2) Arrange the hardware such that… Read More
Cache is close to CPU and faster than main memory. But at the same time is smaller than main memory. The cache organization is about… Read More
  FLOATING POINT ADDITION AND SUBTRACTION FLOATING POINT ADDITION To understand floating point addition, first we see addition of real numbers in decimal as same… Read More
  Negative Number Representation Sign Magnitude Sign magnitude is a very simple representation of negative numbers. In sign magnitude the first bit is dedicated to… Read More
Cache Memory is a special very high-speed memory. It is used to speed up and synchronizing with high-speed CPU. Cache memory is costlier than main… Read More
Addressing Modes– The term addressing modes refers to the way in which the operand of an instruction is specified. The addressing mode specifies a rule… Read More
Prerequisite – Representation of Negative Binary Numbers 1’s complement of a binary number is another binary number obtained by toggling all bits in it, i.e.,… Read More
Both CPU Cache and TLB are hardware used in microprocessors but what’s the difference, especially when someone says that TLB is also a type of… Read More