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Calculator Program with Batch Scripting in Windows

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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 07 Sep, 2020
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By using the Batch Scripting of command prompt one could even design a normal basic calculator that takes expressions and returns the result. Type the following script in notepad or any other text editor software:

@echo off
echo ________Calculator________
set /p expression= Enter expression to calculate:
set /a ans=%expression%
echo = %ans%
goto a

After writing the above text in a text editor, save the file with the extension “ .bat “. To run the program, simply double-click on the saved file, the program will open and the code will get executed in Command Prompt. It should look something like:

Welcome screen!

Code Explanation and Test Cases:

  • @echo off — signals Command Prompt to not display the commands (code).
  • : a — the signals starting point of a loop.
  • echo — same as print/println/printf/etc. Displays the specified message as output to the screen.
  • echo. — will output a blank line.
  • set — used to set value against a variable.
  • set /p expression — /p signals that this is prompt. “Expression” is just a variable name.
  • set /a ans – /a signal that variable has a numerical value. “ans” is the variable name.
  • %ans% — calls the variable “ans”
  • pause — will pause/ stop the program flow until the user will press a key (any key) and continue the program flow only when the users press a key (any).
  • cls – clears the screen
  • goto a- signals to go to the start point of the loop, effectively looping our calculator program so it can take in and calculate new expression.

Program Test Cases:

  • The program can handle simple expression calculations like:

Calculating Simple Expression

  • And it can also handle complex expressions, such as:

Calculating Complex Expression


  • The above program is calculating expressions by utilizing the calculator (that can perform simple arithmetic on 32-bit signed integers) that comes with Command Prompt.
  • Since we are utilizing built-in calculator of Command Prompt, we can only perform following expression: + (addition), – (subtraction), * (multiplication),  / (divide), % (modulo).
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