# Calculate the Sum of Matrix or Array columns in R Programming – colSums() Function

`colSums()` function in R Language is used to compute the sums of matrix or array columns.

Syntax: colSums (x, na.rm = FALSE, dims = 1)

Parameters:
x: matrix or array
dims: this is integer value whose dimensions are regarded as ‘columns’ to sum over. It is over dimensions 1:dims.

Example 1:

 `# R program to illustrate ` `# colSums function ` ` `  `# Initializing a matrix with 3  ` `# rows and 3 columns ` `x <``-` `matrix(rep(``1``:``9``), ``3``, ``3``) ` ` `  `# Getting the matrix representation ` `x ` ` `  `# Calling the colSums() function ` `colSums(x) `

Output:

```     [, 1] [, 2] [, 3]
[1, ]    1    4    7
[2, ]    2    5    8
[3, ]    3    6    9

  6 15 24
```

Example 2:

 `# R program to illustrate ` `# colSums function ` ` `  `# Initializing a 3D array ` `x <``-` `array(``1``:``12``, c(``2``, ``3``, ``3``)) ` ` `  `# Getting the array representation ` `x ` ` `  `# Calling the colSums() function ` `colSums(x, dims ``=` `1``) ` `colSums(x, dims ``=` `2``) `

Output:

```,, 1

[, 1] [, 2] [, 3]
[1, ]    1    3    5
[2, ]    2    4    6,, 2

[, 1] [, 2] [, 3]
[1, ]    7    9   11
[2, ]    8   10   12,, 3

[, 1] [, 2] [, 3]
[1, ]    1    3    5
[2, ]    2    4    6

[, 1] [, 2] [, 3]
[1, ]    3   15    3
[2, ]    7   19    7
[3, ]   11   23   11

 21 57 21
```
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