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C# | Verbatim String Literal – @
• Last Updated : 16 Oct, 2019

In C#, a verbatim string is created using a special symbol @. @ is known as a verbatim identifier. If a string contains @ as a prefix followed by double quotes, then compiler identifies that string as a verbatim string and compile that string. The main advantage of @ symbol is to tell the string constructor to ignore escape characters and line breaks. There is mainly three uses of @ symbol which is as follows:

Use 1: Keyword as an Identifier
This symbol allows using a keyword as an identifier. The @ symbol prefixes the keyword, so the compiler takes keyword as an identifier without any error as shown in the below example:

Example:

 // C# program to illustrate// the use of @ by using keyword// as an identifierusing System;  public class GFG {      // Main method    static public void Main()    {          // Creating and initializing the array        // here 'for' keyword is used as         // an identifier by using @ symbol        string[] @for = {"C#", "PHP", "Java", "Python"};                  // as and for keywords is                 // as an identifier                // using @ symbol                foreach (string @as in @for)                {                    Console.WriteLine("Element of Array: {0}", @as);                }    }}
Output:
Element of Array: C#
Element of Array: PHP
Element of Array: Java
Element of Array: Python


Use 2: For printing the escape sequences in string literals and also using the line breaks etc. in a string literal without any escape sequence.

If one will put the escape sequence like “\\” (for backslash), “\u” (Unicode escape sequence), “\x” (hexadecimal escape sequence) etc. in a string literal without using @ symbol then these sequences will be interpreted by compiler automatically. But “” (double quotes) are not interpreted literally. Its like a string interpolation. Let’s see different cases with and without @ symbol.

• Case 1:
// taking a string literal and
// try to print double quotes
string str1 = """";

// printing output
// this will give compile
// time error as Unexpected
// symbol '
Console.WriteLine(str1);


In the above program, the double quotes inside double quotes as a string literal are interpreted as a single quotation mark.

• Case 2:
// taking a string literal prefixes
// with @ and try to print double quotes
string str1 = @"""";

// printing output
// this will output as "
Console.WriteLine(str1);


In the above program, the output is double quote() not “”

• Case 3:
// taking a string in which we are storing
// some location of file but \Testing will
// interpreted as eascape sequence \T
// similarly \N
string str1 = "\\C:\Testing\New\Target";

// printing str1
// this will give compile time error as
// Unrecognized escape sequence \T'
// Unrecognized escape sequence \N'
// Unrecognized escape sequence \T'
Console.WriteLine(str1);

• Case 4:
// taking a string and prefix literal with @ symbol.
// Storing some location of file
string str1 = @"\\C:\Testing\New\Target";

// printing str1 will give output as
// \\C:\Testing\New\Target
Console.WriteLine(str1);


Program:

 // C# program to illustrate// the use of @ in terms of // escape sequences and new // line and tabusing System;  public class GFG {      // Main method    static public void Main()    {          // If you use the below commented        // the part then this will give        // Unrecognized escape sequence error        // string S1 = "\\welcome \to GeeksforGeeks \ portal \";        // Console.WriteLine("String 1 is :{0}", S1);          // By using @ in the given string         // it runs smoothly because        // @ symbol tells the compiler to        // ignore all escape sequences        string S2 = @"\\welcome \to GeeksforGeeks \ portal \";        Console.WriteLine("String 2 is: {0}", S2);          // printing new line character in string literal        // but it will make the string to break          // into a new line, see output        string S3 = "This is \n C# non verbatim string";        Console.WriteLine("String 3 is :{0}", S3);          // By using @ symbol /n does not processed        string S4 = @"This is \n C# verbatim string";        Console.WriteLine("String 4 is :{0}", S4);          // printing a string literal contains         // tabs and new line without using         // any escape sequence        Console.WriteLine(@"Without Tab Sequence and New Line Character                               C          C++      Java       Python");    }}
Output:
String 2 is: \\welcome \to GeeksforGeeks \ portal \
String 3 is :This is
C# non verbatim string
String 4 is :This is \n C# verbatim string
Without Tab Sequence and New Line Character
C          C++      Java       Python

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