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C# | Uri.MakeRelativeUri(Uri) Method
  • Last Updated : 30 Apr, 2019

Uri.MakeRelativeUri(Uri) Method is used to determine the difference between two Uri instances.

Syntax: public Uri MakeRelativeUri (Uri uri);
Here, it takes the URI to compare to the current URI.

Return Value: If the hostname and scheme of this URI instance and uri are the same, then this method returns a relative Uri that, when appended to the current URI instance, yields uri. If the hostname or scheme is different, then this method returns a Uri that represents the uri parameter.

Exceptions:

  • ArgumentNullException: If uri is null.
  • UriFormatException: If this instance represents a relative URI, and this property is valid only for absolute URIs.

Below programs illustrate the use of Uri.MakeRelativeUri(Uri) Method:



Example 1:

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// C# program to demonstrate the
// Uri.MakeRelativeUri() Method
using System;
using System.Globalization;
  
class GFG {
  
    // Main Method
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Create a base Uri.
        Uri address1 = new Uri("http://www.contoso.com/");
  
        // Create a new Uri from a string.
        Uri address2 = new Uri("http://www.contoso.com/index.htm?date=today");
  
        // Determining the difference 
        // between address1 and address2.
        // using MakeRelativeUri() method
  
        Uri uri = address1.MakeRelativeUri(address2);
  
        // Displaying the result
        Console.WriteLine("relative uri is : {0}", uri);
    }
}

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Output:

relative uri is : index.htm?date=today

Example 2: For ArgumentNullException

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// C# program to demonstrate the
// Uri.MakeRelativeUri() Method
using System;
using System.Globalization;
  
class GFG {
  
    // Main Method
    public static void Main()
    {
        try {
  
            // Create a base Uri.
            Uri address1 = new Uri("http://www.contoso.com/");
  
            // Create a new Uri from a string.
            Uri address2 = null;
  
            // Determining the difference 
            // between address1 and address2.
            // using MakeRelativeUri() method
            Uri uri = address1.MakeRelativeUri(address2);
  
            // Displaying the result
            Console.WriteLine("relative uri is : {0}", uri);
        }
  
        catch (ArgumentNullException e) 
        {
            Console.WriteLine("uri should not be null");
            Console.Write("Exception Thrown: ");
            Console.Write("{0}", e.GetType(), e.Message);
        }
    }
}

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Output:

uri should not be null
Exception Thrown: System.ArgumentNullException

Example 3: For UriFormatException

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// C# program to demonstrate the
// Uri.MakeRelativeUri() Method
using System;
using System.Globalization;
  
class GFG {
  
    // Main Method
    public static void Main()
    {
        try {
  
            // Create a base Uri.
            Uri address1 = new Uri("http://www.contoso.com/");
  
            // Determining the difference
            // between address1 and address2.
            // using MakeRelativeUri() method
  
            Uri uri = address1.MakeRelativeUri(new Uri("http:://www.contoso.com/??index.htm?date=today"));
  
            // Displaying the result
            Console.WriteLine("relative uri is : {0}", uri);
        }
        catch (ArgumentNullException e) {
            Console.WriteLine("uri should not be null");
            Console.Write("Exception Thrown: ");
            Console.Write("{0}", e.GetType(), e.Message);
        }
        catch (UriFormatException e) {
            Console.WriteLine("uri should be in correct format");
            Console.Write("Exception Thrown: ");
            Console.Write("{0}", e.GetType(), e.Message);
        }
    }
}

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Output:

uri should be in correct format
Exception Thrown: System.UriFormatException

Reference:




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