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C program to reverse the content of the file and print it

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  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 17 Feb, 2022
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Given a text file in a directory, the task is to print the file content backward i.e., the last line should get printed first, 2nd last line should be printed second, and so on.
Examples: 
 

Input: 
file1.txt has: 
Welcome 
to 
GeeksforGeeks 
Output: 
GeeksforGeeks 
to 
Welcome
GeeksforGeeks 
Input: 
file1.txt has: 
This is line one 
This is line two 
This is line three 
This is line four 
This is line five 
Output: 
This is line five 
This is line four 
This is line three 
This is line two 
This is line one 
 

 

Approach: 
 

  1. Initialise previous length of the text as 0.
  2. Find the length of the current line and add it to the previous length. This given the next starting index of the new line.
  3. Repeat the above steps till the end of the file.
  4. Initialise the array of length of the given message in the given file.
  5. Now rewind your file pointer and place the last pointer of the text to arr[K – 1] where K is the length of the array using fseek().
  6. Print the length of the last line and decrease K by 1 for printing the next last line of the file.
  7. Repeat the above steps until K is equals to 0.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:
 

C




// C program for the above approach
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#define MAX 100
 
// Function to reverse the file content
void reverseContent(char* x)
{
 
    // Opening the path entered by user
    FILE* fp = fopen(x, "a+");
 
    // If file is not found then return
    if (fp == NULL) {
        printf("Unable to open file\n");
        return;
    }
 
    // To store the content
    char buf[100];
    int a[MAX], s = 0, c = 0, l;
 
    // Explicitly inserting a newline
    // at the end, so that o/p doesn't
    // get effected.
    fprintf(fp, " \n");
    rewind(fp);
 
    // Adding current length so far +
    // previous length of a line in
    // array such that we have starting
    // indices of upcoming lines
    while (!feof(fp)) {
        fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), fp);
        l = strlen(buf);
        a = s += l;
    }
 
    // Move the pointer back to 0th index
    rewind(fp);
    c -= 1;
 
    // Print the contents
    while (c >= 0) {
        fseek(fp, a, 0);
        fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), fp);
        printf("%s", buf);
        c--;
    }
 
    return ;
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    // File name in the directory
    char x[] = "file1.txt";
 
    // Function Call to reverse the
    // File Content
    reverseContent(x);
    return 0;
}

Input File: 
 

Output File: 
 

 


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