C program for subtraction of matrices

1

The below program subtracts of two square matrices of size 4*4, we can change N for different dimension.

C

#include <stdio.h>
#define N 4

// This function subtracts B[][] from A[][], and stores
// the result in C[][]
void multiply(int A[][N], int B[][N], int C[][N])
{
    int i, j;
    for (i = 0; i < N; i++)
        for (j = 0; j < N; j++)
            C[i][j] = A[i][j] - B[i][j];
}

int main()
{
    int A[N][N] = { {1, 1, 1, 1},
                    {2, 2, 2, 2},
                    {3, 3, 3, 3},
                    {4, 4, 4, 4}};

    int B[N][N] = { {1, 1, 1, 1},
                    {2, 2, 2, 2},
                    {3, 3, 3, 3},
                    {4, 4, 4, 4}};

    int C[N][N]; // To store result
    int i, j;
    multiply(A, B, C);

    printf("Result matrix is \n");
    for (i = 0; i < N; i++)
    {
        for (j = 0; j < N; j++)
           printf("%d ", C[i][j]);
        printf("\n");
    }

    return 0;
}

Java

// Java program for subtraction of matrices

class GFG
{
     static final int N=4;

    // This function subtracts B[][] 
    // from A[][], and stores
    // the result in C[][]
    static void multiply(int A[][], int B[][], int C[][])
    {
        int i, j;
        for (i = 0; i < N; i++)
            for (j = 0; j < N; j++)
                C[i][j] = A[i][j] - B[i][j];
    }
    
    // Driver code
    public static void main (String[] args)
    {
        int A[][] = { {1, 1, 1, 1},
                        {2, 2, 2, 2},
                        {3, 3, 3, 3},
                        {4, 4, 4, 4}};
    
        int B[][] = { {1, 1, 1, 1},
                        {2, 2, 2, 2},
                        {3, 3, 3, 3},
                        {4, 4, 4, 4}};
                        
        // To store result
        int C[][]=new int[N][N]; 

        int i, j;
        multiply(A, B, C);
    
        System.out.print("Result matrix is \n");
        for (i = 0; i < N; i++)
        {
            for (j = 0; j < N; j++)
            System.out.print(C[i][j] + " ");
            System.out.print("\n");
        }
    }
}

// This code is contributed by Anant Agarwal.

Output:

Result matrix is
0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0

The program can be extended for rectangular matrices. The following post can be useful for extending this program.

How to pass a 2D array as a parameter in C?

The time complexity of the above program is O(n2).

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