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C Program for Tower of Hanoi

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  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 20 Dec, 2022
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Tower of Hanoi is a mathematical puzzle where we have three rods and n disks. The objective of the puzzle is to move the entire stack to another rod, obeying the following simple rules: 1) Only one disk can be moved at a time. 2) Each move consists of taking the upper disk from one of the stacks and placing it on top of another stack i.e. a disk can only be moved if it is the uppermost disk on a stack. 3) No disk may be placed on top of a smaller disk. faq.disk3

C




#include <stdio.h>
 
// C recursive function to solve tower of hanoi puzzle
void towerOfHanoi(int n, char from_rod, char to_rod, char aux_rod)
{
    if (n == 1)
    {
        printf("\n Move disk 1 from rod %c to rod %c", from_rod, to_rod);
        return;
    }
    towerOfHanoi(n-1, from_rod, aux_rod, to_rod);
    printf("\n Move disk %d from rod %c to rod %c", n, from_rod, to_rod);
    towerOfHanoi(n-1, aux_rod, to_rod, from_rod);
}
 
int main()
{
    int n = 4; // Number of disks
    towerOfHanoi(n, 'A', 'C', 'B');  // A, B and C are names of rods
    return 0;
}

Output:

 Move disk 1 from rod A to rod B
 Move disk 2 from rod A to rod C
 Move disk 1 from rod B to rod C
 Move disk 3 from rod A to rod B
 Move disk 1 from rod C to rod A
 Move disk 2 from rod C to rod B
 Move disk 1 from rod A to rod B
 Move disk 4 from rod A to rod C
 Move disk 1 from rod B to rod C
 Move disk 2 from rod B to rod A
 Move disk 1 from rod C to rod A
 Move disk 3 from rod B to rod C
 Move disk 1 from rod A to rod B
 Move disk 2 from rod A to rod C
 Move disk 1 from rod B to rod C

Time Complexity: O(2n)

Auxiliary Space: O(n)

Please refer complete article on Program for Tower of Hanoi for more details!

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