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C Program For Reversing A Linked List In Groups Of Given Size – Set 1

  • Last Updated : 16 Dec, 2021

Given a linked list, write a function to reverse every k nodes (where k is an input to the function). 

Example: 

Input: 1->2->3->4->5->6->7->8->NULL, K = 3 
Output: 3->2->1->6->5->4->8->7->NULL 
Input: 1->2->3->4->5->6->7->8->NULL, K = 5 
Output: 5->4->3->2->1->8->7->6->NULL 

Algorithm: reverse(head, k) 

  • Reverse the first sub-list of size k. While reversing keep track of the next node and previous node. Let the pointer to the next node be next and pointer to the previous node be prev. See this post for reversing a linked list.
  • head->next = reverse(next, k) ( Recursively call for rest of the list and link the two sub-lists )
  • Return prev ( prev becomes the new head of the list (see the diagrams of an iterative method of this post )

Below is image shows how the reverse function works: 

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C




// C program to reverse a linked list
//  in groups of given size
#include<stdio.h>
#include<stdlib.h>
  
// Link list node
struct Node
{
    int data;
    struct Node* next;
};
  
/* Reverses the linked list in groups 
   of size k and returns the pointer 
   to the new head node. */
struct Node *reverse (struct Node *head, 
                      int k)
{
    if (!head)
        return NULL;
    
    struct Node* current = head;
    struct Node* next = NULL;
    struct Node* prev = NULL;
    int count = 0;     
      
    /* Reverse first k nodes of the 
       linked list */ 
    while (current != NULL && count < k)
    {
        next  = current->next;
        current->next = prev;
        prev = current;
        current = next;
        count++;
    }
      
    /* next is now a pointer to (k+1)th node 
       Recursively call for the list starting 
       from current. And make rest of the list 
       as next of first node */
    if (next !=  NULL)
       head->next = reverse(next, k); 
  
    // prev is new head of the input list
    return prev;
}
  
// UTILITY FUNCTIONS
// Function to push a node 
void push(struct Node** head_ref, 
          int new_data)
{
    // Allocate node 
    struct Node* new_node =
           (struct Node*) malloc(sizeof(struct Node));
  
    // Put in the data    
    new_node->data  = new_data;
  
    // Link the old list off the 
    // new node 
    new_node->next = (*head_ref);    
  
    // Move the head to point to the 
    // new node 
    (*head_ref) = new_node;
}
  
// Function to print linked list
void printList(struct Node *node)
{
    while (node != NULL)
    {
        printf("%d  ", node->data);
        node = node->next;
    }
}    
  
// Driver code
int main(void)
{
    // Start with the empty list
    struct Node* head = NULL;
   
     // Create Linked list is 
     // 1->2->3->4->5->6->7->8->9 
     push(&head, 9);
     push(&head, 8);
     push(&head, 7);
     push(&head, 6);
     push(&head, 5);
     push(&head, 4);
     push(&head, 3);
     push(&head, 2);
     push(&head, 1);           
  
     printf("Given linked list ");
     printList(head);
     head = reverse(head, 3);
  
     printf("Reversed Linked list ");
     printList(head);
  
     return(0);
}

Output: 

Given Linked List
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 
Reversed list
3 2 1 6 5 4 9 8 7 

Complexity Analysis: 

  • Time Complexity: O(n). 
    Traversal of list is done only once and it has ‘n’ elements.
  • Auxiliary Space: O(n/k). 
    For each Linked List of size n, n/k or (n/k)+1 calls will be made during the recursion.

Please refer complete article on Reverse a Linked List in groups of given size | Set 1 for more details!


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