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C Program For Rearranging A Linked List Such That All Even And Odd Positioned Nodes Are Together

  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 30 Dec, 2021

Rearrange a linked list in such a way that all odd position nodes are together and all even positions node are together, 
Examples: 

Input:   1->2->3->4
Output:  1->3->2->4

Input:   10->22->30->43->56->70
Output:  10->30->56->22->43->70

The important thing in this question is to make sure that all below cases are handled 

  1. Empty linked list.
  2. A linked list with only one node.
  3. A linked list with only two nodes.
  4. A linked list with an odd number of nodes.
  5. A linked list with an even number of nodes.

The below program maintains two pointers ‘odd’ and ‘even’ for current nodes at odd and even positions respectively. We also store the first node of the even linked list so that we can attach the even list at the end of the odd list after all odd and even nodes are connected together in two different lists.

C




// C program to rearrange a linked list in 
// such a way that all odd positioned node 
// are stored before all even positioned 
// nodes
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
// Linked List Node
struct Node
{
    int data;
    struct Node* next;
};
  
// A utility function to create a 
// new node
Node* newNode(int key)
{
    Node *temp = new Node;
    temp->data = key;
    temp->next = NULL;
    return temp;
}
  
// Rearranges given linked list such that 
// all even positioned nodes are before 
// odd positioned. Returns new head of 
// linked List.
Node *rearrangeEvenOdd(Node *head)
{
    // Corner case
    if (head == NULL)
        return NULL;
  
    // Initialize first nodes of even 
    // and odd lists
    Node *odd = head;
    Node *even = head->next;
  
    // Remember the first node of even 
    // list so that we can connect the 
    // even list at the end of odd list.
    Node *evenFirst = even;
  
    while (1)
    {
        // If there are no more nodes, then 
        // connect first node of even list 
        // to the last node of odd list
        if (!odd || !even || !(even->next))
        {
            odd->next = evenFirst;
            break;
        }
  
        // Connecting odd nodes
        odd->next = even->next;
        odd = even->next;
  
        // If there are NO more even 
        // nodes after current odd.
        if (odd->next == NULL)
        {
            even->next = NULL;
            odd->next = evenFirst;
            break;
        }
  
        // Connecting even nodes
        even->next = odd->next;
        even = odd->next;
    }
  
    return head;
}
  
// A utility function to print a 
// linked list
void printlist(Node * node)
{
    while (node != NULL)
    {
        cout << node->data << "->";
        node = node->next;
    }
    cout << "NULL" << endl;
}
  
// Driver code
int main(void)
{
    Node *head = newNode(1);
    head->next = newNode(2);
    head->next->next = newNode(3);
    head->next->next->next = newNode(4);
    head->next->next->next->next = newNode(5);
  
    cout << "Given Linked List";
    printlist(head);
  
    head = rearrangeEvenOdd(head);
  
    cout << "Modified Linked List";
    printlist(head);
  
    return 0;
}

Output: 

Given Linked List
1->2->3->4->5->NULL
Modified Linked List
1->3->5->2->4->NULL

Please refer complete article on Rearrange a linked list such that all even and odd positioned nodes are together for more details!


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