C Program for Radix Sort

The Radix Sort Algorithm
1) Do following for each digit i where i varies from least significant digit to the most significant digit.
………….a) Sort input array using counting sort (or any stable sort) according to the i\’th digit.

C/C++

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// C++ implementation of Radix Sort
#include<iostream>
using namespace std;
  
// A utility function to get maximum value in arr[]
int getMax(int arr[], int n)
{
    int mx = arr[0];
    for (int i = 1; i < n; i++)
        if (arr[i] > mx)
            mx = arr[i];
    return mx;
}
  
// A function to do counting sort of arr[] according to
// the digit represented by exp.
void countSort(int arr[], int n, int exp)
{
    int output[n]; // output array
    int i, count[10] = {0};
  
    // Store count of occurrences in count[]
    for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
        count[ (arr[i]/exp)%10 ]++;
  
    // Change count[i] so that count[i] now contains actual
    //  position of this digit in output[]
    for (i = 1; i < 10; i++)
        count[i] += count[i - 1];
  
    // Build the output array
    for (i = n - 1; i >= 0; i--)
    {
        output[count[ (arr[i]/exp)%10 ] - 1] = arr[i];
        count[ (arr[i]/exp)%10 ]--;
    }
  
    // Copy the output array to arr[], so that arr[] now
    // contains sorted numbers according to current digit
    for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
        arr[i] = output[i];
}
  
// The main function to that sorts arr[] of size n using 
// Radix Sort
void radixsort(int arr[], int n)
{
    // Find the maximum number to know number of digits
    int m = getMax(arr, n);
  
    // Do counting sort for every digit. Note that instead
    // of passing digit number, exp is passed. exp is 10^i
    // where i is current digit number
    for (int exp = 1; m/exp > 0; exp *= 10)
        countSort(arr, n, exp);
}
  
// A utility function to print an array
void print(int arr[], int n)
{
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        cout << arr[i] << " ";
}
  
// Driver program to test above functions
int main()
{
    int arr[] = {170, 45, 75, 90, 802, 24, 2, 66};
    int n = sizeof(arr)/sizeof(arr[0]);
    radixsort(arr, n);
    print(arr, n);
    return 0;
}

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