C Program for Insertion Sort

Insertion sort is a simple sorting algorithm that works the way we sort playing cards in our hands.

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// C program for insertion sort
#include <math.h>
#include <stdio.h>
  
/* Function to sort an array using insertion sort*/
void insertionSort(int arr[], int n)
{
    int i, key, j;
    for (i = 1; i < n; i++) {
        key = arr[i];
        j = i - 1;
  
        /* Move elements of arr[0..i-1], that are
          greater than key, to one position ahead
          of their current position */
        while (j >= 0 && arr[j] > key) {
            arr[j + 1] = arr[j];
            j = j - 1;
        }
        arr[j + 1] = key;
    }
}
  
// A utility function ot print an array of size n
void printArray(int arr[], int n)
{
    int i;
    for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
        printf("%d ", arr[i]);
    printf("\n");
}
  
/* Driver program to test insertion sort */
int main()
{
    int arr[] = { 12, 11, 13, 5, 6 };
    int n = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
  
    insertionSort(arr, n);
    printArray(arr, n);
  
    return 0;
}

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Output:

5 6 11 12 13

Please refer complete article on Insertion Sort for more details!



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