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ByteBuffer putFloat() methods in Java with Examples

  • Last Updated : 24 Jun, 2019

putFloat(float value)

The putFloat(float value) method of java.nio.ByteBuffer Class is used to write four bytes containing the given float value, in the current byte order, into this buffer at the current position, and then increments the position by four.

Syntax:

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public abstract ByteBuffer putFloat(float value)

Parameters: This method takes a parameter float value which is the float value to be written.

Return Value: This method returns this ByteBuffer with the written float value passed as the parameter.



Exception: This method throws the following exceptions:

  • BufferOverflowException- If this buffer’s current position is not smaller than its limit
  • ReadOnlyBufferException- If this buffer is read-only

Below are the examples to illustrate the putFloat(float value) method:

Example 1:




// Java program to demonstrate
// putFloat() method
  
import java.nio.*;
import java.util.*;
  
public class GFG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
  
        // Declaring the capacity of the ByteBuffer
        int capacity = 12;
  
        // Creating the ByteBuffer
        try {
  
            // creating object of ByteBuffer
            // and allocating size capacity
            ByteBuffer bb = ByteBuffer.allocate(capacity);
  
            // putting the value in ByteBuffer
            // using putFloat() method
            bb.putFloat(23.4f)
                .putFloat(234.5f)
                .putFloat(34.56f)
                .rewind();
  
            // print the ByteBuffer
            System.out.print("Original ByteBuffer: [ ");
            for (int i = 1; i <= capacity / 4; i++)
                System.out.print(bb.getFloat() + " ");
            System.out.print("]");
        }
  
        catch (BufferOverflowException e) {
  
            System.out.println("Exception throws : " + e);
        }
  
        catch (ReadOnlyBufferException e) {
  
            System.out.println("Exception throws : " + e);
        }
    }
}
Output:
Original ByteBuffer: [ 23.4 234.5 34.56 ]

Example 2: To demonstrate BufferOverflowException.




// Java program to demonstrate
// putFloat() method
  
import java.nio.*;
import java.util.*;
  
public class GFG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
  
        // Declaring the capacity of the ByteBuffer
        int capacity = 12;
  
        // Creating the ByteBuffer
        try {
  
            // creating object of ByteBuffer
            // and allocating size capacity
            ByteBuffer bb = ByteBuffer.allocate(capacity);
  
            // putting the value in ByteBuffer
            // using putFloat() method
            bb.putFloat(23.4f)
                .putFloat(234.5f)
                .putFloat(34.56f)
                .rewind();
  
            // print the ByteBuffer
            System.out.print("Original ByteBuffer: [ ");
            for (int i = 1; i <= capacity / 4; i++)
                System.out.print(bb.getFloat() + " ");
            System.out.print("]");
  
            // putting the value in ByteBuffer
            // using putFloat() method
            bb.putFloat(234.55f);
        }
  
        catch (BufferOverflowException e) {
            System.out.println("\n\nbuffer's current "
                               + "position is not smaller"
                               + " than its limit");
            System.out.println("Exception throws : " + e);
        }
  
        catch (ReadOnlyBufferException e) {
  
            System.out.println("Exception throws : " + e);
        }
    }
}
Output:
Original ByteBuffer: [ 23.4 234.5 34.56 ]

buffer's current position is not smaller than its limit
Exception throws : java.nio.BufferOverflowException

Examples 3: To demonstrate ReadOnlyBufferException.




// Java program to demonstrate
// putFloat() method
  
import java.nio.*;
import java.util.*;
  
public class GFG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
  
        // Declaring the capacity of the ByteBuffer
        int capacity = 12;
  
        // Creating the ByteBuffer
        try {
  
            // creating object of ByteBuffer
            // and allocating size capacity
            ByteBuffer bb = ByteBuffer.allocate(capacity);
  
            // putting the value in ByteBuffer
            // using putFloat() method
            bb.putFloat(23.4f)
                .putFloat(234.5f)
                .putFloat(34.56f)
                .rewind();
  
            // print the ByteBuffer
            System.out.print("Original ByteBuffer: [ ");
            for (int i = 1; i <= capacity / 4; i++)
                System.out.print(bb.getFloat() + " ");
            System.out.print("]");
  
            // Creating a read-only copy of ByteBuffer
            // using asReadOnlyBuffer() method
            ByteBuffer bb1 = bb.asReadOnlyBuffer();
  
            System.out.println("\n\nTrying to put the float value"
                               + " in read-only buffer");
  
            // putting the value in readonly ByteBuffer
            // using putFloat() method
            bb1.putFloat(234.5f);
        }
  
        catch (BufferOverflowException e) {
  
            System.out.println("Exception throws : " + e);
        }
  
        catch (ReadOnlyBufferException e) {
  
            System.out.println("Exception throws : " + e);
        }
    }
}
Output:



Original ByteBuffer: [ 23.4 234.5 34.56 ]

Trying to put the float value in read-only buffer
Exception throws : java.nio.ReadOnlyBufferException

putFloat(int index, float value)

The putFloat(int index, float value) method of java.nio.ByteBuffer Class is used to write four bytes containing the given four value, in the current byte order, into this buffer at the given index.

Syntax:

public abstract ByteBuffer putFloat(int index, float value)

Parameters: This method takes the following arguments as a parameter:

  • index: The index at which the byte will be written
  • value: The double value to be written

Return Value: This method returns the this buffer.

Exception: This method throws the following exception:

  • IndexOutOfBoundsException- If index is negative or not smaller than the buffer’s limit
  • ReadOnlyBufferException- If this buffer is read-only

Below are the examples to illustrate the putFloat(int index, float value) method:

Example 1:




// Java program to demonstrate
// putFloat() method
  
import java.nio.*;
import java.util.*;
  
public class GFG {
  
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
  
        // Declaring the capacity of the ByteBuffer
        int capacity = 12;
  
        // Creating the ByteBuffer
        try {
  
            // creating object of ByteBuffer
            // and allocating size capacity
            ByteBuffer bb = ByteBuffer.allocate(capacity);
  
            // putting the value in ByteBuffer
            // using putFloat() at  index 0
            bb.putFloat(0, 23.45f);
  
            // putting the value in ByteBuffer
            // using putFloat() at  index 4
            bb.putFloat(4, 34.56f);
  
            // putting the value in ByteBuffer
            // using putFloat() at  index 8
            bb.putFloat(8, 27.56f);
  
            // rewinding the ByteBuffer
            bb.rewind();
  
            // print the ByteBuffer
            System.out.print("Original ByteBuffer: [ ");
            for (int i = 1; i <= capacity / 4; i++)
                System.out.print(bb.getFloat() + "  ");
            System.out.print("]\n");
        }
  
        catch (IndexOutOfBoundsException e) {
  
            System.out.println("Exception throws : " + e);
        }
  
        catch (ReadOnlyBufferException e) {
  
            System.out.println("Exception throws : " + e);
        }
    }
}
Output:
Original ByteBuffer: [ 23.45  34.56  27.56  ]

Example 2: To demonstrate IndexOutOfBoundsException.




// Java program to demonstrate
// putFloat() method
  
import java.nio.*;
import java.util.*;
  
public class GFG {
  
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
  
        // Declaring the capacity of the ByteBuffer
        int capacity = 12;
  
        // Creating the ByteBuffer
        try {
  
            // creating object of ByteBuffer
            // and allocating size capacity
            ByteBuffer bb = ByteBuffer.allocate(capacity);
  
            // putting the value in ByteBuffer
            // using putFloat() at  index 0
            bb.putFloat(0, 23.45f);
  
            // putting the value in ByteBuffer
            // using putFloat() at  index 4
            bb.putFloat(4, 34.56f);
  
            // putting the value in ByteBuffer
            // using putFloat() at  index 8
            bb.putFloat(8, 27.56f);
  
            // rewinding the ByteBuffer
            bb.rewind();
  
            // print the ByteBuffer
            System.out.print("Original ByteBuffer: [ ");
            for (int i = 1; i <= capacity / 4; i++)
                System.out.print(bb.getFloat() + "  ");
            System.out.print("]\n");
  
            // putting the value in ByteBuffer
            // using putFloat() at  index -1
            bb.putFloat(-1, 45.67f);
        }
  
        catch (IndexOutOfBoundsException e) {
            System.out.println("\nindex is negative or not smaller "
                               + "than the buffer's limit");
            System.out.println("Exception throws : " + e);
        }
  
        catch (ReadOnlyBufferException e) {
  
            System.out.println("Exception throws : " + e);
        }
    }
}
Output:
Original ByteBuffer: [ 23.45  34.56  27.56  ]

index is negative or not smaller than the buffer's limit
Exception throws : java.lang.IndexOutOfBoundsException

Example 3: To demonstrate ReadOnlyBufferException.




// Java program to demonstrate
// putFloat() method
  
import java.nio.*;
import java.util.*;
  
public class GFG {
  
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
  
        // Declaring the capacity of the ByteBuffer
        int capacity = 12;
  
        // Creating the ByteBuffer
        try {
  
            // creating object of ByteBuffer
            // and allocating size capacity
            ByteBuffer bb = ByteBuffer.allocate(capacity);
  
            // Creating a read-only copy of ByteBuffer
            // using asReadOnlyBuffer() method
            ByteBuffer bb1 = bb.asReadOnlyBuffer();
  
            System.out.println("Trying to put the float value"
                               + " in read only buffer");
  
            // putting the value in readonly ByteBuffer
            // using putFloat() method
            bb1.putFloat(0, 23.4f);
        }
  
        catch (IndexOutOfBoundsException e) {
  
            System.out.println("Exception throws : " + e);
        }
  
        catch (ReadOnlyBufferException e) {
  
            System.out.println("Exception throws : " + e);
        }
    }
}
Output:
Trying to put the float value in read only buffer
Exception throws : java.nio.ReadOnlyBufferException

Reference:




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