Bulma | Modal

Bulma is a free and open-source CSS framework based on Flexbox. It is component rich, compatible, and well documented. It is highly responsive in nature. It uses classes to implement its design.

The Modal is a classic overlay in which one can include any content. The Modal component is a dialog box/popup window that is displayed on top of the current page once the trigger button is clicked. The ‘modal’ component includes several other components that can be added to design the content. These components are listed below:

  • modal-background: It is the transparent overlay that acts as a click target to close the modal.
  • modal-content: It is the container with a maximum width of ‘640px’. This container shows the content of the model class.
  • modal-close: It is the ‘cross’ located in the top right corner which used to close the modal.

Example 1:

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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <title>Bulma Modal</title>
  
  <!-- Include Bulma CSS -->
  <link rel='stylesheet' href=
  
  <!-- FontAwesome Library -->
  <script src=
  </script>
  
  <!-- Custom CSS -->
  <style>
    div.columns {
      margin-top: 50px;
    }
  
    .modal-content {
      margin-top: 100px;
      width: 450px;
    }
  </style>
</head>
  
<body>
  <div class='container has-text-centered'>
    <div class='columns is-mobile is-centered'>
      <div class='column is-4'>
        <button class="button is-primary"
                id='btn'>Click to see modal</button>
        <div class="modal">
          <div class="modal-background"></div>
          <div class="modal-content">
  
            <div class='box'>
              <h1 class='title' 
                  style='color:green'>
                Geek for Geeks</h1>
              <p class='is-family-monospace'>
                'GeeksforGeeks' is a computer 
                science portal.it was created with
                a goal in mind to provide well 
                written, well thought and
                well explained solutions for 
                selected questions. The core team
                of five super geeks constituting
                of technology lovers and
                computer science enthusiasts 
                have been constantly working
                in this direction .
              </p>
              <div class='buttons'>
                <button class='button is-fullwidth'>
                  Know more about GfG
                </button>
              </div>
            </div>
          </div>
          <button class="modal-close is-large" 
                  aria-label="close">
            Model
          </button>
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
  
  <script>
    // Bulma does not have JavaScript included,
    // hence custom JavaScript has to be
    // written to open or close the modal
    const modal = 
          document.querySelector('.modal');
    const btn = 
          document.querySelector('#btn')
    const close = 
          document.querySelector('.modal-close')
  
    btn.addEventListener('click',
                         function () {
      modal.style.display = 'block'
    })
  
    close.addEventListener('click',
                           function () {
      modal.style.display = 'none'
    })
  
    window.addEventListener('click',
                            function (event) {
      if (event.target.className === 
          'modal-background') {
        modal.style.display = 'none'
      }
    })
  </script>
</body>
</html>

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Output:

Example 2: Login form modal.



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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <title>Bulma Modal</title>
  
  <!-- Include Bulma CSS -->
  <link rel='stylesheet' href=
  
  <!-- FontAwesome Library -->
  <script src=
  </script>
  
  <!-- Custom CSS -->
  <style>
    div.columns {
      margin-top: 50px;
    }
  
    .modal-content {
      margin-top: 100px;
      width: 450px;
    }
  
    .buttons {
      margin-top: 12px;
    }
  </style>
</head>
  
<body>
  <div class='container'>
    <div class='columns is-mobile is-centered'>
      <div class='column is-4'>
        <div class='has-text-centered'>
          <button class="button is-primary"
                  id='btn'>
            Login form modal
          </button>
        </div>
        <div class="modal">
          <div class="modal-background"></div>
          <div class="modal-content">
            <div class="box">
              <div>
                <h1 class='title has-text-centered'>
                  Login
                </h1>
              </div>
              <form action='#' method='post'>
                <div class='field'>
                  <label class='label'
                         id='username'>
                    Username
                  </label>
                  <div class='control has-icons-left'>
                    <input class='input'
                           type='text'
                           for='username' 
                           placeholder='Username'>
                    <span class="icon is-small is-left">
                      <i class="fas fa-user"></i>
                    </span>
                  </div>
                </div>
  
                <div class='field'>
                  <label class='label' 
                         id='password'>
                    Password
                  </label>
                  <div class='control has-icons-left'>
                    <input class='input'
                           type='password'
                           for='password' 
                           placeholder='Password'>
                    <span class="icon is-small is-left">
                      <i class="fas fa-lock"></i>
                    </span>
                  </div>
  
                  <div class='buttons'>
                    <button class='button is-link'>
                      Login
                    </button>
                  </div>
                </div>
              </form>
            </div>
          </div>
          <button class="modal-close is-large"
                  aria-label="close">
            Model
          </button>
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
  
  <script>
    // Bulma does not have JavaScript included,
    // hence custom JavaScript has to be
    // written to open or close the modal
    const modal = document.querySelector('.modal');
    const btn = document.querySelector('#btn')
    const close = document.querySelector('.modal-close')
  
    btn.addEventListener('click',
                         function () {
      modal.style.display = 'block'
    })
  
    close.addEventListener('click',
                           function () {
      modal.style.display = 'none'
    })
  
    window.addEventListener('click',
                            function (event) {
      if (event.target.className ===
          'modal-background') {
        modal.style.display = 'none'
      }
    })
  </script>
</body>
</html>

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Output:

Example 3: Modal to show twitter messages.

html

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code

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <title>Bulma Modal</title>
  
  <!-- Include Bulma CSS -->
  <link rel='stylesheet' href=
  
  <!-- FontAwesome Library -->
  <script src=
  </script>
  
  <!-- Custom CSS -->
  <style>
    div.columns {
      margin-top: 50px;
    }
  
    .modal-content {
      margin-top: 100px;
      width: 450px;
    }
  </style>
</head>
  
<body>
  <div class='container'>
    <div class='columns is-mobile is-centered'>
      <div class='column is-4'>
        <div class='has-text-centered'>
          <button class="button is-primary"
                  id='btn'>
            Twitter Messages
          </button>
        </div>
        <div class="modal">
          <div class="modal-background">
          </div>
          <div class="modal-content">
            <div class="box">
              <article class="media">
                <div class="media-left">
                  <figure class="image is-64x64">
                    <img src =
                  </figure>
                </div>
                <div class="media-content">
                  <div class="content">
                    <p>
                      <strong>GeekforGeeks</strong
                      <small>@geekforgeeks</small>
                      <small>36m</small>
                      <br>
                      Hey, There!
                      <br>
                      'GeeksforGeeks' is a computer science
                      portal.it was created with a goal in
                      mind to provide well written, well 
                      thought and well explained solutions
                      for selected questions. The core team
                      of five super geeks constituting of
                      technology lovers and computer science
                      enthusiasts have been constantly working
                      in this direction .
                    </p>
                  </div>
                  <nav class="level is-mobile">
                    <div class="level-left">
                      <a class="level-item">
                        <span class="icon is-small">
                          <i class="fas fa-reply"></i>
                        </span>
                      </a>
                      <a class="level-item">
                        <span class="icon is-small">
                          <i class="fas fa-retweet"></i>
                        </span>
                      </a>
                      <a class="level-item">
                        <span class="icon is-small">
                          <i class="fas fa-heart"></i>
                        </span>
                      </a>
                    </div>
                  </nav>
                </div>
              </article>
            </div>
          </div>
          <button class="modal-close is-large" 
                  aria-label="close">
            Model
          </button>
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
  
  <script>
    // Bulma does not have JavaScript included,
    // hence custom JavaScript has to be
    // written to open or close the modal
    const modal =
          document.querySelector('.modal');
    const btn =
          document.querySelector('#btn')
    const close =
          document.querySelector('.modal-close')
  
    btn.addEventListener('click',
                         function () {
      modal.style.display = 'block'
    })
  
    close.addEventListener('click',
                           function () {
      modal.style.display = 'none'
    })
  
    window.addEventListener('click',
                            function (event) {
      if (event.target.className ===
          'modal-background') {
        modal.style.display = 'none'
      }
    })
  </script>
</body>
</html>

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Output:




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