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Build an Android App to Check a Number is Automorphic or Not

  • Last Updated : 08 Oct, 2021

What is an Automorphic number? A number is said to be Automorphic if its square ends in the same digits as the number itself. 

Examples:

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Input  : N = 76 
Output : Automorphic
Explanation: As 76*76 = 5776

Input  : N = 25
Output : Automorphic
As 25*25 = 625

Input : N = 7
Output : Not Automorphic
As 7*7 = 49

Step by Step Implementation

Step 1: Create a New Project

To create a new project in Android Studio please refer to How to Create/Start a New Project in Android Studio. Note that select Java as the programming language.



Step 2: Working with the activity_main.xml file

Navigate to the app > res > layout > activity_main.xml and add the below code to that file. Below is the code for the activity_main.xml file. 

XML




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout 
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity"
    android:background="@color/teal_200">
  
    <TextView
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Automorphic Number or Not"
        android:textColor="@color/black"
        android:textSize="26sp"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toTopOf="@+id/textView"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintVertical_bias="0.491" />
  
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Enter a number to check Automorphic Number"
        android:textColor="@color/black"
        android:textSize="18sp"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintHorizontal_bias="0.494"
        app:layout_constraintLeft_toLeftOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintRight_toRightOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintVertical_bias="0.4" />
  
    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/etNum"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_margin="10dp"
        android:hint="ENTER THE NUMBER"
        android:inputType="number"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="@+id/textView"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="@+id/textView"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@+id/textView" />
  
    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btnCheck"
        android:layout_width="149dp"
        android:layout_height="50dp"
        android:layout_margin="10dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="16dp"
        android:backgroundTint="@color/black"
        android:text="Check"
        android:textColor="@color/teal_700"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="@+id/etNum"
        app:layout_constraintHorizontal_bias="0.496"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="@+id/etNum"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@+id/etNum"
        app:layout_constraintVertical_bias="0.113" />
  
</androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout>

Step 3: Working with the MainActivity.kt file

Go to the MainActivity.kt file and refer to the following code. Below is the code for the MainActivity.kt file. Comments are added inside the code to understand the code in more detail. Here we will bind the views and write the logic of the app.

Kotlin




import android.R.bool
import android.os.Bundle
import android.widget.Button
import android.widget.EditText
import android.widget.Toast
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
  
class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
  lateinit var btnCheck : Button
  lateinit var etNum : EditText
  
    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)
        supportActionBar?.hide()
          
        // Binding the views
        btnCheck = findViewById(R.id.btnCheck)
        etNum = findViewById(R.id.etNum)
  
        btnCheck.setOnClickListener {
            val n = etNum.text.toString().length
            val num = etNum.text.toString().toInt()
            var temp = num
            var result = 0
  
            if (isAutomorphic(num))
                Toast.makeText(this, "Automorphic Number", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show()
            else
                Toast.makeText(this, "Not an Automorphic Number", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show()
        }
  
    }
  
    fun isAutomorphic(N: Int): Boolean {
        
        // Store the square
        var N = N
        var sq = N * N
  
        // Start Comparing digits
        while (N > 0) {
            // Return false, if any digit of N doesn't
            // match with its square's digits from last
            if (N % 10 != sq % 10) return false
  
            // Reduce N and square
            N /= 10
            sq /= 10
        }
        return true
    }
  
}

Output:




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