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Bootstrap | Float utilities with Examples

  • Last Updated : 15 Jan, 2019

Bootstrap provides us a series of float utility classes, that allows an element to float left, right, or make it not to float, just like CSS float property. In addition to this, bootstrap provides responsive float classes, that makes an element float based on the viewport size.

Bootstrap breakpoints:

  • sm: Viewport greater than 576px.
  • md: Viewport greater than 768px.
  • lg: Viewport greater than 992px.
  • xl: Viewport greater than 1200px.

Common Float Classes

  • float-left: It makes the element to float left on all viewport sizes.

    Example:




    <!DOCTYPE html>
    <html>
      <head>   
        <!-- Custom CSS -->
        <style>
          h1.head{
            color: green;
            text-align: center;
          }
          div.box{
            height: 150px;
            width: 150px;
            border: 1px dashed black;
            background: #E3F2FD;
            margin: 20px;
          }
        </style>
      
        <!-- Bootstrap CSS -->
        <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.2.1/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-GJzZqFGwb1QTTN6wy59ffF1BuGJpLSa9DkKMp0DgiMDm4iYMj70gZWKYbI706tWS" crossorigin="anonymous">
      
        <title>Hello, world!</title>
      </head>
      <body>
        <div class="container"><!-- For making div reponsive -->
          <h1 class="head">GeeksForGeeks</h1>
      
          <!-- float-left, bootstrap class -->
          <div class="float-left box">
              
          </div>
      
          <p>
            Prepare for the Recruitment drive of product
            based companies like Microsoft, Amazon, Adobe
            etc with a free online placement preparation
            course. The course focuses on various MCQ's
            & Coding question likely to be asked in the
            interviews & make your upcoming placement
            season efficient and successful.
          </p>
            
        </div>
      
        <!-- Link JavaScript -->
        <!-- jQuery first, then Popper.js, then Bootstrap JS -->
        <script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.3.1.slim.min.js" integrity="sha384-q8i/X+965DzO0rT7abK41JStQIAqVgRVzpbzo5smXKp4YfRvH+8abtTE1Pi6jizo" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
        <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/popper.js/1.14.6/umd/popper.min.js" integrity="sha384-wHAiFfRlMFy6i5SRaxvfOCifBUQy1xHdJ/yoi7FRNXMRBu5WHdZYu1hA6ZOblgut" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
        <script src="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.2.1/js/bootstrap.min.js" integrity="sha384-B0UglyR+jN6CkvvICOB2joaf5I4l3gm9GU6Hc1og6Ls7i6U/mkkaduKaBhlAXv9k" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
      </body>
    </html>

    Output:



    bootstrap-float-left

  • float-right: It makes the element to float right on all viewport sizes.

    Example:




    <!DOCTYPE html>
      
    <html>
      <head>
         
        <!-- Custom CSS -->
        <style>
          h1.head{
            color: green;
            text-align: center;
          }
          div.box{
            height: 150px;
            width: 150px;
            border: 1px dashed black;
            background: #E3F2FD;
            margin: 20px;
          }
        </style>
      
        <!-- Bootstrap CSS -->
        <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.2.1/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-GJzZqFGwb1QTTN6wy59ffF1BuGJpLSa9DkKMp0DgiMDm4iYMj70gZWKYbI706tWS" crossorigin="anonymous">
      
        <title>Hello, world!</title>
      </head>
      <body>
        <div class="container"><!-- For making div reponsive -->
          <h1 class="head">GeeksForGeeks</h1>
      
          <!-- float-right, bootstrap class -->
          <div class="float-right box">
              
          </div>
      
          <p>
            Prepare for the Recruitment drive of product
            based companies like Microsoft, Amazon, Adobe
            etc with a free online placement preparation
            course. The course focuses on various MCQ's
            & Coding question likely to be asked in the
            interviews & make your upcoming placement
            season efficient and successful.
          </p>
            
        </div>
      
        <!-- Link JavaScript -->
        <!-- jQuery first, then Popper.js, then Bootstrap JS -->
        <script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.3.1.slim.min.js" integrity="sha384-q8i/X+965DzO0rT7abK41JStQIAqVgRVzpbzo5smXKp4YfRvH+8abtTE1Pi6jizo" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
        <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/popper.js/1.14.6/umd/popper.min.js" integrity="sha384-wHAiFfRlMFy6i5SRaxvfOCifBUQy1xHdJ/yoi7FRNXMRBu5WHdZYu1hA6ZOblgut" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
        <script src="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.2.1/js/bootstrap.min.js" integrity="sha384-B0UglyR+jN6CkvvICOB2joaf5I4l3gm9GU6Hc1og6Ls7i6U/mkkaduKaBhlAXv9k" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
      </body>
    </html>

    Output:
    bootstrap-float-right

  • float-none: It makes the element not to float across all viewport sizes.
    Example:




    <!DOCTYPE html>
      
    <html>
      <head>
        <!-- Custom CSS -->
        <style>
          h1.head{
            color: green;
            text-align: center;
          }
          div.box{
            height: 150px;
            width: 150px;
            border: 1px dashed black;
            background: #E3F2FD;
            margin: 20px;
          }
        </style>
      
        <!-- Bootstrap CSS -->
        <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.2.1/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-GJzZqFGwb1QTTN6wy59ffF1BuGJpLSa9DkKMp0DgiMDm4iYMj70gZWKYbI706tWS" crossorigin="anonymous">
      
        <title>Hello, world!</title>
      </head>
      <body>
        <div class="container"><!-- For making div reponsive -->
          <h1 class="head">GeeksForGeeks</h1>
      
          <!-- float-none, bootstrap class -->
          <div class="float-none box">
              
          </div>
      
          <p>
            Prepare for the Recruitment drive of product
            based companies like Microsoft, Amazon, Adobe
            etc with a free online placement preparation
            course. The course focuses on various MCQ's
            & Coding question likely to be asked in the
            interviews & make your upcoming placement
            season efficient and successful.
          </p>
            
        </div>
      
        <!-- Link JavaScript -->
        <!-- jQuery first, then Popper.js, then Bootstrap JS -->
        <script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.3.1.slim.min.js" integrity="sha384-q8i/X+965DzO0rT7abK41JStQIAqVgRVzpbzo5smXKp4YfRvH+8abtTE1Pi6jizo" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
        <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/popper.js/1.14.6/umd/popper.min.js" integrity="sha384-wHAiFfRlMFy6i5SRaxvfOCifBUQy1xHdJ/yoi7FRNXMRBu5WHdZYu1hA6ZOblgut" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
        <script src="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.2.1/js/bootstrap.min.js" integrity="sha384-B0UglyR+jN6CkvvICOB2joaf5I4l3gm9GU6Hc1og6Ls7i6U/mkkaduKaBhlAXv9k" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
      </body>
    </html>

    Output:
    bootstrap-float-none

Responsive Float Classes:

ClassDescription
float-sm-leftIt makes the element to float left on viewport of size greater than 576px (sm).
float-sm-rightIt makes the element to float right on viewport of size greater than 576px (sm).
float-sm-noneIt makes the element not to float on viewport of size greater than 576px (sm).
float-md-leftIt makes the element to float left on viewport of size greater than 768px (md).
float-md-rightIt makes the element to float right on viewport of size greater than 768px (md).
float-md-noneIt makes the element not to float on viewport of size greater than 768px (md).
float-lg-leftIt makes the element to float left on viewport of size greater than 992px (lg).
float-lg-rightIt makes the element to float right on viewport of size greater than 992px (lg).
float-lg-noneIt makes the element not to float on viewport of size greater than 992px (lg).
float-xl-leftIt makes the element to float left on viewport of size greater than 1200px (xl).
float-xl-rightIt makes the element to float right on viewport of size greater than 1200px (xl).
float-xl-noneIt makes the element not to float on viewport of size greater than 1200px (xl).

Example: float-md-right.




<!DOCTYPE html>
  
<html>
  <head>
    <!-- Custom CSS -->
    <style>
      h1.head{
        color: green;
        text-align: center;
      }
      div.box{
        height: 150px;
        width: 150px;
        border: 1px dashed black;
        background: #E3F2FD;
        margin: 20px;
      }
    </style>
  
    <!-- Bootstrap CSS -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.2.1/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-GJzZqFGwb1QTTN6wy59ffF1BuGJpLSa9DkKMp0DgiMDm4iYMj70gZWKYbI706tWS" crossorigin="anonymous">
  
    <title>Hello, world!</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div class="container"><!-- For making div reponsive -->
      <h1 class="head">GeeksForGeeks</h1>
  
      <!-- float-md-right, bootstrap class -->
      <div class="float-md-right box">
          
      </div>
  
      <p>
        Prepare for the Recruitment drive of product
        based companies like Microsoft, Amazon, Adobe
        etc with a free online placement preparation
        course. The course focuses on various MCQ's
        & Coding question likely to be asked in the
        interviews & make your upcoming placement
        season efficient and successful.
      </p>
        
    </div>
  
    <!-- Link JavaScript -->
    <!-- jQuery first, then Popper.js, then Bootstrap JS -->
    <script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.3.1.slim.min.js" integrity="sha384-q8i/X+965DzO0rT7abK41JStQIAqVgRVzpbzo5smXKp4YfRvH+8abtTE1Pi6jizo" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/popper.js/1.14.6/umd/popper.min.js" integrity="sha384-wHAiFfRlMFy6i5SRaxvfOCifBUQy1xHdJ/yoi7FRNXMRBu5WHdZYu1hA6ZOblgut" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
    <script src="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.2.1/js/bootstrap.min.js" integrity="sha384-B0UglyR+jN6CkvvICOB2joaf5I4l3gm9GU6Hc1og6Ls7i6U/mkkaduKaBhlAXv9k" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
  </body>
</html>

Output:


Note: We can use more that one float utility class simultaneously to get the desired results. For example we may set float-right and float-md-left, to float element to right on viewport size less than 768px and float to left when viewport is greater than 768px.

Example:




<!DOCTYPE html>
  
<html>
  <head>
     <!-- Custom CSS -->
    <style>
      h1.head{
        color: green;
        text-align: center;
      }
      div.box{
        height: 150px;
        width: 150px;
        border: 1px dashed black;
        background: #E3F2FD;
        margin: 20px;
      }
    </style>
  
    <!-- Bootstrap CSS -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.2.1/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-GJzZqFGwb1QTTN6wy59ffF1BuGJpLSa9DkKMp0DgiMDm4iYMj70gZWKYbI706tWS" crossorigin="anonymous">
  
    <title>Hello, world!</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div class="container"><!-- For making div reponsive -->
      <h1 class="head">GeeksForGeeks</h1>
  
      <!-- float-right float-md-left, bootstrap classes -->
      <div class="float-right float-md-left box">
  
      </div>
  
      <p>
        Prepare for the Recruitment drive of product
        based companies like Microsoft, Amazon, Adobe
        etc with a free online placement preparation
        course. The course focuses on various MCQ's
        & Coding question likely to be asked in the
        interviews & make your upcoming placement
        season efficient and successful.
      </p>
  
    </div>
  
    <!-- Link JavaScript -->
    <!-- jQuery first, then Popper.js, then Bootstrap JS -->
    <script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.3.1.slim.min.js" integrity="sha384-q8i/X+965DzO0rT7abK41JStQIAqVgRVzpbzo5smXKp4YfRvH+8abtTE1Pi6jizo" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/popper.js/1.14.6/umd/popper.min.js" integrity="sha384-wHAiFfRlMFy6i5SRaxvfOCifBUQy1xHdJ/yoi7FRNXMRBu5WHdZYu1hA6ZOblgut" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
    <script src="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.2.1/js/bootstrap.min.js" integrity="sha384-B0UglyR+jN6CkvvICOB2joaf5I4l3gm9GU6Hc1og6Ls7i6U/mkkaduKaBhlAXv9k" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
  </body>
</html>

Output:




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