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Bluetooth vs Bluetooth Low Energy

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Bluetooth is a short-range wireless LAN technology for connecting small devices and gadgets together and facilitating data transfer among themselves for personal use. Also known as Bluetooth classic, it operates in the 2.4 GHz ISM unlicensed bandwidth to communicate among paired devices. Bluetooth classic version comes in two distinct data rate types known as Basic Rate (BR) and Enhanced Data Rate (EDR). It is maintained by Bluetooth Special Interest Group (SIG) and is standardized by IEEE 802.15. 

Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) is similar to Bluetooth classic. It is a short-range wireless LAN communication technology standardized by IEEE 802.15. It also operates in 2.4 GHz ISM unlicensed bandwidth. The major distinguishing feature of BLE, commercially made accessible first in 2011, is its low power consumption while maintaining the same communication range as in Bluetooth classic. It typically finds its use in healthcare, fitness, security and home automation appliances that save power.

Bluetooth-vs-low-energy

Bluetooth can handle a lot of data but quickly consumes battery life and costs a lot more. Bluetooth Low Energy is used for applications that do not need to exchange large amounts of data and can run on battery power for years at a cheaper cost. BLE achieves this power saving by putting the server in sleep mode until a transfer request is made by a slave device.

Difference between Bluetooth and BLE 

Feature

Bluetooth Classic

Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE)

Power consumptionHigh (approx 1W)Low (approx 0.01W-0.5W)
Communication Range10m to 30m10m to 30m
Data Rate

1Mbps for BR

2-3Mbps for EDR

500kbps-1Mbps
Modulation Technique

GFSK for BR

8-DPSK or π/4-DQPSK for EDR

GFSK
RF Bandwidth2.4 GHz ISM band (2400-2483.5 MHz)2.4 GHz ISM band (2400-2483.5 MHz)
Number of Channels79 channels each of width 1Mhz40 channels each of width 2MHz
SpreadingFrequency Hopping Spread Spectrum (FHSS)Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum (FHSS)
Data link layer protocolTime Division Multiple Access (TDMA)Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA)
Error detection8 bit CRC or 16 bit CRC, and ACKs24 bit CRC, ACKs
Maximum number of active slaves7Unlimited

Last Updated : 18 May, 2022
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