Related Articles
BigIntegerMath log10() function | Guava | Java
• Last Updated : 15 Nov, 2018

The method log10(BigInteger x, RoundingMode mode) of Guava’s BigIntegerMath class returns the base-10 logarithm of x, rounded according to the specified rounding mode.

Syntax:

```public static int log10(BigInteger x, RoundingMode mode)
```

Parameters: This method takes the following parameters:

• x: The BigInteger number whose log is to be found.
• mode: The rounding mode for calculating the log of 10.

Return Value: This method returns the base-10 logarithm of x, rounded according to the specified rounding mode.

Exceptions: This method throws the following exceptions:

• IllegalArgumentException: if x <= 0.
• ArithmeticException: if mode is RoundingMode.UNNECESSARY and x is not a power of ten.

#### Enum RoundingMode

Enum ConstantDescription
CEILINGRounding mode to round towards positive infinity.
DOWNRounding mode to round towards zero.
FLOORRounding mode to round towards negative infinity.
HALF_DOWNRounding mode to round towards “nearest neighbor” unless both neighbors are equidistant, in which case round down.
HALF_EVENRounding mode to round towards the “nearest neighbor” unless both neighbors are equidistant, in which case, round towards the even neighbor.
HALF_UPRounding mode to round towards “nearest neighbor” unless both neighbors are equidistant, in which case round up.
UNNECESSARYRounding mode to assert that the requested operation has an exact result, hence no rounding is necessary.
UPRounding mode to round away from zero.

Below examples illustrates the BigIntegerMath.log10() method:

Example 1:

 `// Java code to show implementation of``// log10(BigInteger x, RoundingMode mode) method``// of Guava's BigIntegerMath class`` ` `import` `java.math.*;``import` `com.google.common.math.BigIntegerMath;`` ` `class` `GFG {`` ` `    ``// Driver code``    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String args[])``    ``{``        ``BigInteger a1 = BigInteger.valueOf(``10000``);`` ` `        ``// Using log10(BigInteger x, RoundingMode mode)``        ``// method of Guava's BigIntegerMath class``        ``// The RoundingMode HALF_EVEN rounds towards``        ``// the "nearest neighbor" unless both neighbors``        ``// are equidistant, in which case, round towards``        ``// the even neighbor.``        ``System.out.println(``"Log base 10 of "` `+ a1``                           ``+ ``" with rounding mode HALF_EVEN = "``                           ``+ BigIntegerMath``                                 ``.log10(a1,``                                        ``RoundingMode.HALF_EVEN));`` ` `        ``BigInteger a2 = BigInteger.valueOf(``15``);`` ` `        ``// Using log10(BigInteger x, RoundingMode mode)``        ``// method of Guava's BigIntegerMath class``        ``// The RoundingMode HALF_DOWN rounds towards``        ``// "nearest neighbor" unless both neighbors``        ``// are equidistant, in which case round down.``        ``System.out.println(``"Log base 10 of "` `+ a2``                           ``+ ``" with rounding mode HALF_DOWN = "``                           ``+ BigIntegerMath``                                 ``.log10(a2,``                                        ``RoundingMode.HALF_DOWN));``    ``}``}`

Output:

```Log base 10 of 10000 with rounding mode HALF_EVEN = 4
Log base 10 of 15 with rounding mode HALF_DOWN = 1
```

Example 2: To show IllegalArgumentException

 `// Java code to show implementation of``// log10(BigInteger x, RoundingMode mode) method``// of Guava's BigIntegerMath class`` ` `import` `java.math.*;``import` `com.google.common.math.BigIntegerMath;`` ` `class` `GFG {`` ` `    ``// Driver code``    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String args[])``    ``{`` ` `        ``try` `{``            ``BigInteger a1 = BigInteger.valueOf(-``5``);`` ` `            ``// Using log10(BigInteger x, RoundingMode mode)``            ``// method of Guava's BigIntegerMath class``            ``// The RoundingMode HALF_EVEN rounds towards``            ``// the "nearest neighbor" unless both neighbors``            ``// are equidistant, in which case, round towards``            ``// the even neighbor.``            ``// This should throw "IllegalArgumentException"``            ``// as a1 <= 0``            ``System.out.println(``"Log base 10 of "` `+ a1``                               ``+ ``" with rounding mode HALF_EVEN = "``                               ``+ BigIntegerMath``                                     ``.log10(a1,``                                            ``RoundingMode.HALF_EVEN));``        ``}`` ` `        ``catch` `(Exception e) {``            ``System.out.println(``"Exception: "` `+ e);``        ``}``    ``}``}`

Output:

```Exception: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: x (-5) must be > 0
```

Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important Java Foundation and Collections concepts with the Fundamentals of Java and Java Collections Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready. To complete your preparation from learning a language to DS Algo and many more,  please refer Complete Interview Preparation Course.

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up