BigInteger sqrt() Method in Java
java.math.BigInteger.sqrt() is an inbuilt function added in Java SE 9 & JDK 9 which returns BigInteger value of square root of a BigInteger on which sqrt() method is applied. It is the same as the floor(sqrt(n)) where n is a number. This Square root is less than the real square root if the real square root can not representable as an integral value.
public BigInteger sqrt()
Parameters: The method does not take any parameters.
Return Value: Method returns the integer square root of this BigInteger.
Exception: The method will throw ArithmeticException if BigInteger is negative.
Input: 234876543456 Output: 484640 Explanation: 122 is given as input which is the bigInteger. The square root of 122 is 11.04536 whose BigInteger equivalent is 11 and using sqrt() method of BigInteger class we can get Square root of any BigInteger. Input: 122 Output: 11
Below programs illustrates sqrt() method of BigInteger class:
Program 1: Showing application of sqrt() method to get square root of 31739.
Square root value of BigInteger 31739 is 178
Program 2: Showing Exception is thrown by sqrt() method.
java.lang.ArithmeticException: Negative BigInteger at java.base/java.math.BigInteger.sqrt(Unknown Source) at GFG.main(GFG.java:19) Square root value of BigInteger -2345 is null