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BigDecimal multiply() Method in Java

  • Last Updated : 16 Oct, 2019
  1. The java.math.BigDecimal.multiply(BigDecimal multiplicand) is an inbuilt method in java that returns a BigDecimal whose value is (this × multiplicand), and whose scale is (this.scale() + multiplicand.scale()).

    Syntax:

    public BigDecimal multiply(BigDecimal multiplicand)
    

    Parameters: This method accepts a single parameter multiplicand of BigDecimal type which refers to the Value to be multiplied by this BigDecimal.

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    Return value: This method returns a BigDecimal whose value this * multiplicand.

    Below program illustrates the working of the above mentioned method:
    Program 1:






    // Java program to demonstrate the
    // multiply() method
      
    import java.math.*;
      
    public class gfg {
      
        public static void main(String[] args)
        {
      
            // Assign two BigDecimal objects
            BigDecimal b1 = new BigDecimal("54.2");
            BigDecimal b2 = new BigDecimal("14.20");
      
            // Multiply b1 with b2 and assign result to b3
            BigDecimal b3 = b1.multiply(b2);
      
            // Print b3 value
            System.out.println("Multiplication is " + b3);
        }
    }
    Output:
    Multiplication is 769.640
    

    Program 2:




    // Java program to demonstrate the
    // multiply() method
      
    import java.math.*;
      
    public class Gfg {
      
        public static void main(String[] args)
        {
      
            // Assign two BigDecimal objects
            BigDecimal b1 = new BigDecimal("-54.2");
            BigDecimal b2 = new BigDecimal("14.20");
      
            // Multiply b1 with b2 and assign result to b3
            BigDecimal b3 = b1.multiply(b2);
      
            // Print b3 value
            System.out.println("Multiplication is " + b3);
        }
    }
    Output:
    Multiplication is -769.640
    
  2. The java.math.BigDecimal.multiply(BigDecimal multiplicand, MathContext mc) is an inbuilt method in Java that returns a BigDecimal whose value is (this × multiplicand), with rounding according to the context settings.

    Syntax:

    public BigDecimal multiply(BigDecimal multiplicand, MathContext mc)
    

    Parameters: This method accepts two parameters:

    • multiplicand – This is of BigDecimal type and refers to the value to be multiplied by this BigDecimal.
    • mc – This refers to the context of rounding i.e., up to what decimal place the value is to be rounded off.

    Return value: This method returns a BigDecimal whose value this * multiplicand, rounded as necessary.

    Program below demonstrates the method:

    Program 1:




    // Java program to demonstrate the
    // multiply() method
    import java.math.*;
      
    public class Gfg {
      
        public static void main(String[] args)
        {
      
            // 4 precision
            MathContext m = new MathContext(4); 
      
            // Assign value to BigDecimal objects
            BigDecimal b1 = new BigDecimal("5.99");
            BigDecimal b2 = new BigDecimal("4.6");
      
            // Multiply b1 with b2 using m
            BigDecimal b3 = b1.multiply(b2, m);
      
            // Print b3 value
            System.out.println("Multiplication is " + b3);
        }
    }
    Output:
    Multiplication is 27.55
    

    Program 2:




    // Java program to demonstrate the
    // multiply() method
    import java.math.*;
      
    public class Gfg {
      
        public static void main(String[] args)
        {
      
            // 4 precision
            MathContext m = new MathContext(4); 
      
            // Assign value to BigDecimal objects
            BigDecimal b1 = new BigDecimal("-5.99");
            BigDecimal b2 = new BigDecimal("4.6");
      
            // Multiply b1 with b2 using m
            BigDecimal b3 = b1.multiply(b2, m);
      
            // Print b3 value
            System.out.println("Multiplication is " + b3);
        }
    }
    Output:
    Multiplication is -27.55
    

Reference:https://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/math/BigDecimal.html#multiply(java.math.BigDecimal)




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