Whether you want to be a Web Designer, Game Developer, Machine Learning Enthusiast, or any other related tech field – there is a most common and important thing required. Yes, you guessed it right – Programming Languages. According to reports, there are around 26 million programmers at present across the world and the number is increasing rapidly. Meanwhile, almost every leading company such as Amazon, Microsoft, Uber, etc. requires you to have an understanding of basic programming concepts. Hence, if you’re looking forward to making your career in the IT industry (especially in the development domain), learning the programming languages can be considered as the must-to-do-task.
Although, there are hundreds of programming languages out there and to decide a one from these is quite a daunting task. However, you can choose and start to learn a programming language as per your objectives such as ask yourself several questions like – If you want to build mobile apps? or If you’re working on the web development domain? etc. There are several other parameters on which the programming languages can be compared such as performance and efficiency, ease of development, and popularity & demand of the language in the job market (the major one!!). And with the same concern, we’ve compiled a list of best 5 programming languages that you can learn to get a job in your dream company.
For many years, JAVA has been one of the most demanding programming languages. The language was developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems in 1995. It is an object-oriented programming language that works on Write Once, Run Anywhere principle i.e., the compiled JAVA code can run on each platform that supports the language without the recompilation process. The JAVA programs are compiled to bytecode that can execute on JVM (JAVA Virtual Machine) independent of the underlying architecture. Moreover, the language allows the code to be reused and easy to learn & use as well.
- Follows the OOP Concepts
- Rich open-source libraries
- Platform Independent
- Supports multithreading
- Automatic memory allocation and garbage collection, etc.
As of now, there are around 7.5 million JAVA developers across the world. The language works on different platforms such as Windows, Mac, Linux, etc. and it is majorly used for building enterprise-scale web applications and Android apps.
Python, named after Monty Python, is the leading player in the programming world. It is a high-level programming language that supports multiple programming paradigms such as structured, functional, and object-oriented programming. The language has a very simple syntax and also focuses on code readability that makes it easy to learn and use. Also, the language is designed to be highly extensible as you can add modules to the existing applications and it can run on various platforms as well.
- Extensive library support
- Cross-platform Language
- Supports automatic garbage collection
- Can be integrated with C, C++, Java, etc.
- Supports GUI Programming
As per reports, there are around 7-8 million Python developers across the world (the number is quite closer to JAVA). The language is used for web development, software development, machine learning, etc. and used by almost every IT giants like Amazon, Google, Facebook, etc.
3. C Language
C language can be considered as the core of programming languages as almost all low-level systems like operating systems, etc. are written in this language. Meanwhile, the C programming language was developed by Dennis Ritchie and it is a procedural programming language. The language was principally developed as a system programming language to write an operating system. The language offers the feature of pointers also to directly interact with the memory. Moreover, many popular languages such as JAVA, PHP, etc. have their syntax based on C language and also, C++ Language can be considered as a superset of C language.
- Middle-Level Programming Language
- Rich Library Functions
- Structured Programming Language
- Supports Dynamic Memory Allocation
- Easy to Extend & Portable, etc.
C is used in the development of various major platforms such as Microsoft Windows, Linux, etc. It is the most recommended programming language for beginners as the process of learning other languages becomes easier after working on this language.
Swift is also one of the most demanding programming languages and even, its popularity is increasing rapidly. This programming language, developed by Apple Inc., is a general-purpose and multi-paradigm programming language used for iOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS applications. The language is considered as faster and more secure in comparison to its predecessor Objective-C and the language is compatible with the existing Objective-C libraries as well. Moreover, the language has a simple syntax that makes it easier to read and learn.
- Interoperable with Objective-C Language
- Automatic Memory Management using uses Automatic Reference Counting (ARC)
- Fast, Safe, and Expressive programming language
- Functional Programming Patterns
- Powerful Error Handling, etc.
As Apple is not going anywhere and will lead the tech market in the future also, hence the demand for Swift seems to be rising in the upcoming days.
Last but not least!! PHP, an acronym for Hypertext Preprocessor, is among the most popular programming language. It is an open-source server-side scripting language that is particularly dedicated to web development. As compared to other scripting languages, PHP is very simple and easy to use. The code written in PHP is first executed on the server and then the result is returned to the browser. Also, the language is very flexible as it can be embedded with various other languages easily.
- Loosely Typed Language
- Cross-platform Compatibility
- Fast and Efficient Performance
- Supports object-oriented programming features
The scope of the language can be determined as there are around 5 million PHP developers across the world and various major websites like Facebook, Yahoo, Wikipedia, etc are built on PHP as well.
So, these are some most demanding programming languages that you can learn to make a successful career. However, you aren’t required to learn each programming language, all you need to do is select one (or a few more) as per your requirements and objectives, and get familiar with it.