Basics of Numbers in Dart

Like other languages, Dart Programming also supports numerical values as Number objects. The number in Dart Programming is the data type that is used to hold the numeric value. Dart numbers can be classified as: 
 

int: The int data type is used to represent whole numbers.

Syntax: int var_name;

double: The double data type is used to represent 64-bit floating-point numbers.

Syntax: double var_name;



Example 1: 
 

Dart

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void main() {
    
   // declare an integer
   int num1 = 2;             
       
   // declare a double value
   double num2 = 1.5;  
  
   // print the values
   print(num1);
   print(num2);
}

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Output: 

2
1.5

Note: The num type is an inherited data type of the int and double types.

Parsing in Dart: The parse() function is used parsing a string containing numeric literal and convert to the number. 
 

Example 2: 
 

Dart

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void main()
{
    
  var a1 = num.parse("1");  
  var b1 = num.parse("2.34");  
  
  var c1 = a1+b1;   
  print("Product = ${c1}");  
}  

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Output: 

Product = 3.34

Properties: 

  • hashcode: This property is used to get the hash code of the given number.
  • isFinite: If the given number is finite, then this property will return true.
  • isInfinite: If the number is infinite, then this property will return true.
  • isNan: If the number is non-negative then this property will return true.
  • isNegative: If the number is negative then this property will return true.
  • sign: This property is used to get -1, 0, or 1 depending upon the sign of the given number.
  • isEven: If the given number is an even then this property will return true.
  • isOdd: If the given number is odd then this property will return true.

Methods: 

  • abs(): This method gives the absolute value of the given number.
  • ceil(): This method gives the ceiling value of the given number.
  • floor(): This method gives the floor value of the given number.
  • compareTo(): This method compares the value with other numbers.
  • remainder(): This method gives the truncated remainder after dividing the two numbers.
  • round(): This method returns the round of the number.
  • toDouble(): This method gives the double equivalent representation of the number.
  • toInt(): This method returns the integer equivalent representation of the number.
  • toString(): This method returns the String equivalent representation of the number
  • truncate(): This method returns the integer after discarding fraction digits.



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