Base 64 is an encoding scheme that converts binary data into text format so that encoded textual data can be easily transported over network un-corrupted and without any data loss.(Base 64 format reference).
The Basic encoding means no line feeds are added to the output and the output is mapped to a set of characters in A-Za-z0-9+/ character set and the decoder rejects any character outside of this set.
Encode simple String into Basic Base 64 format
String BasicBase64format= Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString(“actualString”.getBytes());
Explanation: In above code we called Base64.Encoder using getEncoder() and then get the encoded string by passing the byte value of actualString in encodeToString() method as parameter.
Decode Basic Base 64 format to String
byte actualByte= Base64.getDecoder().decode(encodedString);
String actualString= new String(actualByte);
Explanation: In above code we called Base64.Decoder using getDecoder() and then decoded the string passed in decode() method as parameter then convert return value to string.
Below programs illustrate the Encoding and Decoding in Java:
Program 1:Encode simple String into Basic Base 64 format
Sample String: India Team will win the Cup Encoded String: SW5kaWEgVGVhbSB3aWxsIHdpbiB0aGUgQ3Vw
Program 2: Decode Basic Base 64 format to String
Encoded String: SW5kaWEgVGVhbSB3aWxsIHdpbiB0aGUgQ3Vw actual String: India Team will win the Cup
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