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Baba Guru Nanak

Last Updated : 05 May, 2023
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Guru Nanak dev ji is referred to as the founder of the religion Sikhism, and Guru Nanak is referred to as the first preacher (Guru) of Sikhism. The message of equality, brotherhood, and compassion are some of the important messages preached by Guru Nanak. There is a synthesis of both Hinduism and Islam in the teachings of Guru Nanak and the earlier influences like Baba Kabir, Baba Farid, and so on.

Baba Guru Nanak

Baba Guru Nanak

History of Guru Nanak

Baba Guru Nanak was born in Talwandi village, today known as the religion of Sikhism, Guru Nanak was the first preacher of Sikhism. He was born in the year 1469 in the province of Lahore in Delhi Sultanate; in the Khatri sub-caste. Guru Nanak traveled extensively in the world and also traveled to Varanasi, Ayodhya, Multan, Jerusalem, and Makka.

Guru Nanak Dev Ji: Overview

Let’s quickly go through some facts about Baba Guru Nanak

Date of Birth April 15, 1469
Place of Birth Rai Bhoi Ki Talvandi (present-day Punjab, Pakistan)
Date of Death  September 22, 1539
Place of Death Kartarpur (present-day Pakistan)
Father  Mehta Kalu
Mother Mata Tripta
Wife Mata Sulakhni
Children Sri Chand and Lakhmi Das
Successor Guru Angad
Famous As Founder of Sikhism
Resting Place Gurdwara Darbar Sahib Kartar Pur, Kartarpur, Pakistan

Life Journey of Guru Nanak Dev 

He pointed toward making a casteless society in which there is no ordered hierarchy. There is just a single god – a precept that is focused on in the adage ‘Ik Onkar’. This is the phrase utilized in Sikhism that one Supreme Being controls the universe. 

He was an unprecedented kid with recognized divine elegance. His thoughts were not the same as others and he would not participate in traditional religious rituals. He upheld the ‘Nirguna’ (commitment to; love of and worship of formless divine) type of bhakti. He additionally stood up against different predominant social works including the Caste System, excessive admiration, and the love of demi-Gods. Respect for women and gender equality are maybe the main illustrations that should be gained from Guru Nanak’s lessons. Guru Nanak was worshiped by the two Hindus and Muslims all throughout the Earth, and many individuals beyond Sikh confidence actually respect him today.

He set up rules for congregational love (Sangat) including aggregate recitation. His sections additionally speak about the sacrificial support of humankind, thriving, and civil rights for all, independent of contrasts. He established three mainstays of Sikhism in particular “Naam Japna”, “Kirat Karni”, and “Vand Chakna”. The idea of god is ‘Waheguru’, an element that is ill-defined, ageless, inescapable, and imperceptible. Different names for God in the Sikh confidence are Akaal Purakh and Nirankar. Many trust Sikhism to be a scaffold between Hinduism and Islam.

Guru Nanak’s idea of “Sabna Jiya Ka Ek Data” is pertinent even today and can handle these issues in the general public. “Sabna Jiya Ka Ek Data “signifies the entire world is God’s creation and all are conceived equivalent. There is just a single widespread God for example “Ik Onkar Satnaam.” Aside from that, Guru Nanak Dev’s lessons are fixated on pardoning, resistance, restraint, and thoughtfulness. 

Guru Nanak’s concept of equity can be assumed from his inventive social foundations:

  • Langar (Common kitchenette): Collective cooking.
  • Pangat (Holy gathering): Sharing food without qualification and separation of caste.
  • Sangat (General Meeting): Collective independent decision-making.

Five Teaching of Guru Nanak

  • Vand Chhako: Anything that God provides for us, share it with the destitute and consume. Assist people who need assistance.
  • Kirat Karo: It means to have a reality. Try not to impact others for our self-bliss. Try sincerely and procure genuinely.
  • Naam Japo: Naam Japo implies reciting the name of the ‘True God.’ It accentuates the reflection on God’s name to control five evils Krodh, lob, moh, ahankar, and kama.
  • Sarbat da Bhalla: Pray to God for others’ bliss in spite of standing, caste, and religion everybody ought to look well for other people.
  • Speak the truth without fear: Always speak the truth without being afraid. It may be possible that we lose the fight or win the fight.

 A Gurudwara worked at his birthplace in the city currently known as “Nankana Sahib”. It is situated in the Punjab territory of Pakistan. Kartarpur corridor was worked to remember the 550th birth anniversary festivities of Guru Nanak Dev, the founder of Sikhism on the twelfth of November 2019. It is probably the holiest spot for Sikhs where Baba Guru Nanak settled and taught throughout the last 18 years of his life.

Ten Sikh Gurus

Guru Nanak Dev ji was followed by nine successive Gurus. There were ten Sikh Gurus, which are Below discussed one by one briefly,

  1. Guru Angad: He was the successor of Guru Nanak and the second Sikh Guru. Guru Angad was the earliest stage of his life worshipped the Hindu goddess Durga. Guru Angad introduced Gurmukhi script. For the young people, he began the program of “Mall Akhara”, where physical and spiritual activities happen. He is the first guru, who wrote the biography of Guru Nanak
  2. Guru Amar Das: He is third Sikh Guru. Guru Amardas fought against caste system and untouchability. he Attempts to establish a social balance between the people. Guru Amardas started Anand Karaj wedding system for Sikh community. Guru Ramdas guru’s famous composition is “Lavan”. For the development of the Sikhs, he started missionary centers i.e. Manjis, and piris
  3. Guru Ram Dass: He is the fourth Sikh Guru. Founder of Amritsar, this is the main place of worship for Sikh community . Construction of Golden Temple at Amritsar was initiated by him.
  4. Guru Arjun Dev: He is the fifth Sikh Guru. He Completed construction of Harmander also known as Golden Temple in Amritsar. he also composited the Holy Book of the Sikh community, that book name is “Aad Granth”.
  5. Guru Hargobind:  He is the sixth Sikh Guru. He was a Sikh guru as well as soldier. Guru Hargobind coordinated a small armed force. He constructed “Akal Takhat”, which represents a temporary spiritual power.
  6. Guru Har Rai: He is the seventh Sikh Guru. an additional aim of the guru is to build the nation. He continued the nation building initiated by Guru Hargobind.
  7. Guru Har Krishan:  He is the eighth Sikh Guru. Guru Har Krishan was the youngest of the Sikh Gurus. He was in Delhi at the time when smallpox was widespread in that area. He cured some of the victims of smallpox in Delhi. He visited a grand Gurdwara called “Bangla Sahib” in Delhi.
  8. Guru Teg Bahadur: He is the ninth Sikh Guru. He was born in 1621 in Amritsar. He laid a foundation for a new town to be called ANAND PUR commonly known as the City of Peace.
  9. Guru Govind Singh: He is the tenth Sikh Guru. He introduced the Khalsa (The Pure Ones) in 1699. He laid out the five symbols of Sikhism popularly known as the five ‘K’s:

                          Kesh (Long hair)
                          Kangha (comb)
                          Kirpan (knife )
                          Kaccha (short breeches)
                          Kara (wrist band)


Guru Nanak refers to the first of the ten Gurus and is the founder of the religion of Sikhism. Sikhism is a large religion in the state of Punjab. Because of partition most of the sikh migrated to east Punjab. The ideas of Guru Nanak were compiled by Guru Arjun Singh, who was the fourth guru of Sikhism in 1604.

Related Links

  1. Sikhism and History of Sikhism
  2. Sikhism And The Sikh Gurus
  3. History of Ten Sikh Gurus
  4. Golden Temple – History and Importance
  5. Questions on Sikh Guru
  6. Important Questions on Sikh Guru
  7. Important Questions On Gautam Buddha
  8. Maharaja Ranjit Singh: The Ruler of Punjab

FAQs on Baba Guru Nanak

Q 1. Who was the founder of the modern Sikh empire?


The founder of the modern Sikh empire is Maharaja Ranjit Sikh.

Q 2. Name the rivers that flow from Punjab (east and west). 


The five rivers that flow from Punjab include:

  1. Beas
  2. Sutlej
  3. Jhelum
  4. Ravi 
  5. Chenab

Q 3. How many gurus does Sikhism have?


The 10 gurus of Sikhism include:

  1. Guru Nanak
  2. Guru Angad Dev
  3. Guru Amar Das
  4. Guru Ram Dass
  5. Guru Arjun Dev
  6. Guru Hargobind
  7. Guru Har Rai
  8. Guru Har Kishan
  9. Guru Tej Bahadur
  10. Guru Gobind Sikh

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