Given a number n then Find the Average of first n even natural numbers

Ex.= 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + 10 + 12 +………+ 2n.

**Examples :**

Input : 7 Output : 8 (2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + 10 + 12 + 14)/7 = 8 Input : 5 Output : 6 (2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + 10)/5 = 6

**Naive Approach:-** In this program iterate the loop , finding total sum of first n even numbers and divided by n.it take 0(N) time.

## C++

`// C++ implementation to find Average ` `// of sum of first n natural even numbers ` `#include <bits/stdc++.h> ` `using` `namespace` `std; ` ` ` `// function to find average of ` `// sum of first n even numbers ` `int` `avg_of_even_num(` `int` `n) ` `{ ` ` ` `// sum of first n even numbers ` ` ` `int` `sum = 0; ` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = 1; i <= n; i++) ` ` ` `sum += 2*i; ` ` ` ` ` `// calculating Average ` ` ` `return` `sum/n; ` `} ` ` ` `// Driver Code ` `int` `main() ` `{ ` ` ` `int` `n = 9; ` ` ` `cout << avg_of_even_num(n); ` ` ` `return` `0; ` `} ` |

## Java

`// java implementation to find Average ` `// of sum of first n natural even number ` `import` `java.io.*; ` ` ` `class` `GFG { ` ` ` ` ` `// function to find average of ` ` ` `// sum of first n even numbers ` ` ` `static` `int` `avg_of_even_num(` `int` `n) ` ` ` `{ ` ` ` ` ` `// sum of first n even numbers ` ` ` `int` `sum = ` `0` `; ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = ` `1` `; i <= n; i++) ` ` ` `sum += ` `2` `*i; ` ` ` ` ` `// calculating Average ` ` ` `return` `(sum / n); ` ` ` `} ` ` ` `public` `static` `void` `main (String[] args) { ` ` ` ` ` `int` `n = ` `9` `; ` ` ` `System.out.print(avg_of_even_num(n)); ` ` ` ` ` `} ` `} ` ` ` `// this code is contributed by 'vt_m' ` |

## Python3

`# Python3 implementation to ` `# find Average of sum of ` `# first n natural even ` `# number ` ` ` `# Function to find average ` `# of sum of first n even ` `# numbers ` `def` `avg_of_even_num(n): ` ` ` ` ` `# sum of first n even ` ` ` `# numbers ` ` ` `sum` `=` `0` ` ` `for` `i ` `in` `range` `(` `1` `, n ` `+` `1` `): ` ` ` `sum` `=` `sum` `+` `2` `*` `i ` ` ` ` ` `# calculating Average ` ` ` `return` `sum` `/` `n ` ` ` `n` `=` `9` `print` `(avg_of_even_num(n)) ` ` ` `# This code is contributed by upendra singh bartwal ` |

## C#

`// C# implementation to find ` `// Average of sum of first ` `// n natural even number ` `using` `System; ` ` ` `class` `GFG { ` ` ` ` ` `// function to find average of ` ` ` `// sum of first n even numbers ` ` ` `static` `int` `avg_of_even_num(` `int` `n) ` ` ` `{ ` ` ` ` ` `// sum of first n even numbers ` ` ` `int` `sum = 0; ` ` ` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = 1; i <= n; i++) ` ` ` `sum += 2 * i; ` ` ` ` ` `// calculating Average ` ` ` `return` `(sum / n); ` ` ` `} ` ` ` ` ` `// driver code ` ` ` `public` `static` `void` `Main () { ` ` ` ` ` `int` `n = 9; ` ` ` `Console.Write(avg_of_even_num(n)); ` ` ` ` ` `} ` `} ` ` ` `// This code is contributed by 'vt_m' ` |

## PHP

`<?php ` `// PHP implementation to find Average ` `// of sum of first n natural even numbers ` ` ` `// function to find average of ` `// sum of first n even numbers ` `function` `avg_of_even_num(` `$n` `) ` `{ ` ` ` `// sum of first n even numbers ` ` ` `$sum` `= 0; ` ` ` `for` `(` `$i` `= 1; ` `$i` `<= ` `$n` `; ` `$i` `++) ` ` ` `$sum` `+= 2 * ` `$i` `; ` ` ` ` ` `// calculating Average ` ` ` `return` `$sum` `/ ` `$n` `; ` `} ` ` ` `// Driver Code ` `$n` `= 9; ` `echo` `(avg_of_even_num(` `$n` `)); ` ` ` `// This code is contributed by Ajit. ` `?> ` |

Output :

10

** Time Complexity : O(N) **

**Method 2 :- **The idea is the sum of first n even number is n(n+1), for find the Average of first n even numbers divide by n, hence formula is **n(n + 1) / n = ( n + 1)**. i.e. Average of first n even numbers is **n+1**. it take 0(1) time.

Avg of sum of N even natural number = (N + 1)

**Proof**

Sum of first n terms of an A.P.(Arithmetic Progression) = (n/2) * [2*a + (n-1)*d].....(i) where, a is the first term of the series and d is the difference between the adjacent terms of the series. Here, a = 2, d = 2, applying these values to eq.(i), get Sum = (n/2) * [2*2 + (n-1)*2] = (n/2) * [4 + 2*n - 2] = (n/2) * (2*n + 2) = n * (n + 1) finding the Avg so divided by n = n*(n+1)/n = (n+1)

## C++

`// CPP Program to find the average ` `// of sum of first n even numbers ` `#include <bits/stdc++.h> ` `using` `namespace` `std; ` ` ` `// Return the average of sum ` `// of first n even numbers ` `int` `avg_of_even_num(` `int` `n) ` `{ ` ` ` `return` `n+1; ` `} ` ` ` `// Driver Code ` `int` `main() ` `{ ` ` ` `int` `n = 8; ` ` ` `cout << avg_of_even_num(n) << endl; ` ` ` `return` `0; ` `} ` |

## Java

`// Java Program to find the average ` `// of sum of first n even numbers ` `import` `java.io.*; ` ` ` `class` `GFG ` `{ ` ` ` ` ` `// Return the average of sum ` ` ` `// of first n even numbers ` ` ` `static` `int` `avg_of_even_num(` `int` `n) ` ` ` `{ ` ` ` `return` `n + ` `1` `; ` ` ` `} ` ` ` ` ` `public` `static` `void` `main (String[] args) { ` ` ` ` ` `int` `n = ` `8` `; ` ` ` `System.out.println(avg_of_even_num(n)); ` ` ` ` ` `} ` `} ` ` ` `// This code is contributed by vt_m ` |

## Python3

`# Python 3 Program to ` `# find the average ` `# of sum of first n ` `# even numbers ` ` ` `# Return the average of sum ` `# of first n even numbers ` `def` `avg_of_even_num(n) : ` ` ` ` ` `return` `n` `+` `1` ` ` ` ` `# Driven Program ` `n ` `=` `8` `print` `(avg_of_even_num(n)) ` ` ` ` ` `# This code is contributed ` `# by Nikita Tiwari. ` |

## C#

`// C# Program to find the average ` `// of sum of first n even numbers ` `using` `System; ` ` ` `class` `GFG { ` ` ` ` ` `// Return the average of sum ` ` ` `// of first n even numbers ` ` ` `static` `int` `avg_of_even_num(` `int` `n) ` ` ` `{ ` ` ` `return` `n + 1; ` ` ` `} ` ` ` ` ` `// driver code ` ` ` `public` `static` `void` `Main () { ` ` ` ` ` `int` `n = 8; ` ` ` `Console.Write(avg_of_even_num(n)); ` ` ` ` ` `} ` `} ` ` ` `// This code is contributed by vt_m ` |

## PHP

`<?php ` `// PHP Program to find the average ` `// of sum of first n even numbers ` ` ` `// Return the average of sum ` `// of first n even numbers ` `function` `avg_of_even_num(` `$n` `) ` `{ ` ` ` `return` `$n` `+ 1; ` `} ` ` ` `// Driver Code ` `$n` `= 8; ` `echo` `(avg_of_even_num(` `$n` `)); ` ` ` `// This code is contributed by Ajit. ` `?> ` |

Output:

9

** Time Complexity : O(1) **

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