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Auxiliary Carry Flag in 8086 Microprocessor

  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 05 Mar, 2021

Auxiliary Carry Flag (AF) is one of the six status flags in the 8086 microprocessor. 

  • This flag is used in BCD (Binary-coded Decimal) operations.
  • The status of this flag is updated for every arithmetic or logical operation performed by ALU.
  • This flag is set to one if there is a CARRY from the lower nibble or BORROW for the lower nibble in binary representation.
  • Else it is set to zero.

Note : Auxiliary Carry Flag is to set to one when there is a carry from the units place in hexadecimal representation. Same as the lower nibble in binary representation.

Example :

In the below image, you can see a carry takes place from the units digit. Hence auxiliary carry flag is set to one here. Here ‘H’ represents a hexadecimal number.

Auxiliary Carry Flag in Hexadecimal Representation

Let us consider the same example in binary representation. 

   29H =  0010 1001

+4CH =  0100 1100

   75H =  0111 0101

                    ^ here there is carry generated and forwarded to next nibble, so the auxiliary carry flag is set to one.

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