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Automating Google meet using selenium in Python

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  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 26 Oct, 2022
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Prerequisites: Selenium Python basics, Browser Automation using Selenium

Selenium is a powerful tool for controlling web browsers through programs and performing browser automation. It is functional for all browsers, works on all major OS and its scripts are written in various languages i.e Python, Java, C#, etc, we will be working with Python.

Selenium can be used to automate the web browser. In this article, we will learn how to sign in a Google account and join a meeting through Google meet with a camera and microphone turned off using selenium.

Installation:

The selenium module can be installed using the below command:

pip install selenium

Step-by-step Approach:

Step 1: Import modules

Python3




# import required modules
from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
from selenium.webdriver.chrome.options import Options
import time

Step 2: Create an instance of Chrome browser with some required prerequisite Chrome Options().

Python3




# creating chrome instance
opt = Options()
opt.add_argument('--disable-blink-features=AutomationControlled')
opt.add_argument('--start-maximized')
opt.add_experimental_option("prefs", {
 
    "profile.default_content_setting_values.media_stream_mic": 1,
    "profile.default_content_setting_values.media_stream_camera": 1,
    "profile.default_content_setting_values.geolocation": 0,
    "profile.default_content_setting_values.notifications": 1
})
driver = webdriver.Chrome(options=opt)

Step 3: Go to Google meet using this command

Python3




# go to google meet

Step 4: Calling the below function will turn off the camera and the microphone. In this function, turnOffMicCam(), we find the microphone & camera buttons by their xpaths using a function in selenium named find_element_by_xpath().

Python3




# explicit function to turn off mic and cam
def turnOffMicCam():
 
    # turn off Microphone
    time.sleep(2)
    driver.find_element(By.XPATH,
        '//*[@id="yDmH0d"]/c-wiz/div/div/div[8]/div[3]/div/div/div[2]/div/div[1]/div[1]/div[1]/div/div[4]/div[1]/div/div/div').click()
    driver.implicitly_wait(3000)
 
    # turn off camera
    time.sleep(1)
    driver.find_element(By.XPATH,
        '//*[@id="yDmH0d"]/c-wiz/div/div/div[8]/div[3]/div/div/div[2]/div/div[1]/div[1]/div[1]/div/div[4]/div[2]/div/div').click()
    driver.implicitly_wait(3000)

Step 5: Below function would help us join the meeting at Google meet. In this function, joinNow(), we find the join now button by its css selector using a function in selenium named find_element_by_css_selector() and click it to join the meeting! (we do the same in AskToJoin() function).

Python3




def AskToJoin():
    # Ask to Join meet
    time.sleep(5)
    driver.implicitly_wait(2000)
    driver.find_element(By.CSS_SELECTOR,
        'div.uArJ5e.UQuaGc.Y5sE8d.uyXBBb.xKiqt').click()
    # Ask to join and join now buttons have same xpaths

Step 6: Below is the function that would log in the Google account using the credentials provided. In this function, Glogin(mail,pw), we find the email text box by its id using a function in selenium named find_element_by_id() and type in the email using send_keys() & click next button again using its id and find password text box using its xpath, type in the password using send_keys & again click login using its id

Python3




def Glogin(mail_address, password):
    # Login Page
    driver.get(
 
    # input Gmail
    driver.find_element(By.XPATH, "identifierId").send_keys(mail_address)
    driver.find_element(By.ID, "identifierNext").click()
    driver.implicitly_wait(10)
 
    # input Password
    driver.find_element(By.XPATH,
        '//*[@id="password"]/div[1]/div/div[1]/input').send_keys(password)
    driver.implicitly_wait(10)
    driver.find_element(By.ID, "passwordNext").click()
    driver.implicitly_wait(10)
 
    # go to google home page
    driver.get('https://google.com/')
    driver.implicitly_wait(100)

Below is the complete program based on the above step-wise approach:

Python3




# import required modules
from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
from selenium.webdriver.chrome.options import Options
import time
 
 
def Glogin(mail_address, password):
    # Login Page
    driver.get(
 
    # input Gmail
    driver.find_element(By.ID, "identifierId").send_keys(mail_address)
    driver.find_element(By.ID, "identifierNext").click()
    driver.implicitly_wait(10)
 
    # input Password
    driver.find_element(By.XPATH,
        '//*[@id="password"]/div[1]/div/div[1]/input').send_keys(password)
    driver.implicitly_wait(10)
    driver.find_element(By.ID, "passwordNext").click()
    driver.implicitly_wait(10)
 
    # go to google home page
    driver.get('https://google.com/')
    driver.implicitly_wait(100)
 
 
def turnOffMicCam():
    # turn off Microphone
    time.sleep(2)
    driver.find_element(By.XPATH,
        '//*[@id="yDmH0d"]/c-wiz/div/div/div[8]/div[3]/div/div/div[2]/div/div[1]/div[1]/div[1]/div/div[4]/div[1]/div/div/div').click()
    driver.implicitly_wait(3000)
 
    # turn off camera
    time.sleep(1)
    driver.find_element(By.XPATH,
        '//*[@id="yDmH0d"]/c-wiz/div/div/div[8]/div[3]/div/div/div[2]/div/div[1]/div[1]/div[1]/div/div[4]/div[2]/div/div').click()
    driver.implicitly_wait(3000)
 
 
def joinNow():
    # Join meet
    print(1)
    time.sleep(5)
    driver.implicitly_wait(2000)
    driver.find_element(By.CSS_SELECTOR,
        'div.uArJ5e.UQuaGc.Y5sE8d.uyXBBb.xKiqt').click()
    print(1)
 
 
def AskToJoin():
    # Ask to Join meet
    time.sleep(5)
    driver.implicitly_wait(2000)
    driver.find_element(By.CSS_SELECTOR,
        'div.uArJ5e.UQuaGc.Y5sE8d.uyXBBb.xKiqt').click()
    # Ask to join and join now buttons have same xpaths
 
 
# assign email id and password
mail_address = 'emaild@gmail.com'
password = 'geeksforgeeks'
 
# create chrome instance
opt = Options()
opt.add_argument('--disable-blink-features=AutomationControlled')
opt.add_argument('--start-maximized')
opt.add_experimental_option("prefs", {
    "profile.default_content_setting_values.media_stream_mic": 1,
    "profile.default_content_setting_values.media_stream_camera": 1,
    "profile.default_content_setting_values.geolocation": 0,
    "profile.default_content_setting_values.notifications": 1
})
driver = webdriver.Chrome(options=opt)
 
# login to Google account
Glogin(mail_address, password)
 
# go to google meet
turnOffMicCam()
# AskToJoin()
joinNow()

Output:


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