Android AutoCompleteTextView is an editable text view which shows a list of suggestions when user starts typing text. When a user starts typing, a dropdown menu will be there based on the entered characters, defined in the threshold limit and the user can choose an item from the list to replace the text.
The AutoCompleteTextView is a subclass of EditText class so we can easily inherit all the properties of EditText as per our requirements.
The dropdown list will be obtained using the data adaptor and these suggestions will be appeared only after entering the minimum number of characters defined in the Threshold limit. The Threshold limit is used to define the minimum number of characters the user must type to see the dropdown list of suggestions.
In android, we can create an AutoCompleteTextView control in two ways either manually in an XML file or create it in the Activity file programmatically.
First we create a new project by following the below steps:
- Click on File, then New => New Project.
- After that include the Kotlin support and click on next.
- Select the minimum SDK as per convenience and click next button.
- Then select the Empty activity => next => finish.
Different attributes of AutoCompleteText widget –
|android:id||Used to uniquely identify the control.|
|android:gravity||Used to specify how to align the text like left, right, center, top, etc.|
|android:text||Used to set the text.|
|android:textSize||Used to set the size of the text.|
|android:textStyle||Used to set the style of the text like bold, italic.|
|android:background||Used to set background color of the Text View.|
|android:hint||Used to set display hint text in the Text View.|
|android:maxHeight||Used to set maximum height of the Text view.|
|android:maxWidth||Used to set maximum width of the Text view.|
|android:padding||Used to set the padding from left, right, top and bottom.|
Add the AutoCompleteTextView in activity_main.xml
In this file, we will add the AutoCompleteTextView and Button widget and set their attributes so that it can be accessed in the kotlin file.
Modify the strings.xml file to add the string-array
Here, we will specify the name of the activity and define other strings which can be used at different places in our activity. Another important thing is that we will define string_array which contains the items for the suggestion list of AutoCompleteTextView.
Access the AutoCompleteTextView in MainActivity.kt file
First of all, we declare a variable autotextview to access the widget from the XML layout.
val autotextView = findViewById<AutoCompleteTextView>(R.id.autoTextView)
then, we declare another variable languages to get the items of the string-array from the strings.xml file.
val languages = resources.getStringArray(R.array.Languages)
Create an adaptor and add into the AutoCompleteTextView of LinearLayout using
val adapter = ArrayAdapter(this, android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1, languages) autotextView.setAdapter(adapter)
We are familiar with further activities in previous articles like accessing button and set OnClickListener etc.
Run as Emulator:
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Improved By : arunkrishnakv