atan2() function in C++ STL

The atan2() is an inbuilt function in C++ STL which returns tangent inverse of (y/x), where y is the proportion of the y-coordinate and x is the proportion of the x-coordinate. The numeric value lies between – and representing the angle of a (x, y) point and positive x-axis. It is the counterclockwise angle, measured in radian, between the positive X-axis, and the point (x, y).

Syntax:

atan2(data_type y, data_type x)

Parameters:The function accepts two mandatory parameters which are decribed below:

• y – This value specifies y-coordinate.
• x – This value specifies the x-coordinate.

The parameters can be of double, float or long double datatype.

Return Value: The function returns a numeric value between – and representing the angle of a (x, y) point and positive x-axis. It is the counterclockwise angle, measured in radian, between the positive X-axis, and the point (x, y).

Below programs illustrate the atan2() function:

Program 1:

 // CPP program to demonstrate the atan2() // function when both parameters are of // same type #include using namespace std;    int main() {     double x = 10.0, y = 10.0, result;     result = atan2(y, x);        cout << "atan2(y/x) = " << result          << " radians" << endl;     cout << "atan2(y/x) = " << result * 180 / 3.141592          << " degrees" << endl;        return 0; }

Output:

atan2(y/x) = 0.785398 radians
atan2(y/x) = 45 degrees

Program 2:

 // CPP program to demonstrate the atan2() // function when both parameters are of // different types #include using namespace std;    int main() {     double result;     float x = -10.0;     int y = 10;     result = atan2(y, x);        cout << "atan2(y/x) = " << result          << " radians" << endl;     cout << "atan2(y/x) = " << result * 180 / 3.141592 << " degrees" << endl;        return 0; }

Output:

atan2(y/x) = 2.35619 radians
atan2(y/x) = 135 degrees

Program 3:

 // CPP program to demonstrate the atan2() // function when y/x is undefined #include using namespace std;    int main() {     double x = 0.0, y = 10.0, result;     result = atan2(y, x);        cout << "atan2(y/x) = " << result          << " radians" << endl;     cout << "atan2(y/x) = " << result * 180 / 3.141592          << " degrees" << endl;        return 0; }

Output:

atan2(y/x) = 1.5708 radians
atan2(y/x) = 90 degrees

Program 4:

 // CPP program to demonstrate the atan2() // function when both parameters are zero #include using namespace std;    int main() {     double x = 0.0, y = 0.0, result;     result = atan2(y, x);        cout << "atan2(y/x) = " << result          << " radians" << endl;     cout << "atan2(y/x) = " << result * 180 / 3.141592          << " degrees" << endl;        return 0; }

Output:

atan2(y/x) = 0 radians
atan2(y/x) = 0 degrees

Errors and Exceptions: The function returns no matching function for call to error when a string or character is passed as an argument.
Program 5:

 // CPP program to demonstrate the atan2() // errors and exceptions #include using namespace std;    int main() {     double x = 0.0, y = 10.0, result;     result = atan2("1", x);        cout << "atan2(y/x) = " << result << " radians" << endl;        cout << "atan2(y/x) = " << result * 180 / 3.141592          << " degrees" << endl;        return 0; }

Output:

prog.cpp:9:26: error: no matching function for call to 'atan2(const char , double&)'
result = atan2("1", x);

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