The method to represent and work with numbers is known as the number system. A number system is a system of writing to represent numbers. It is the mathematical notation used to represent numbers of a given set by using digits or other symbols. It allows us to operate arithmetic operations such as division, multiplication, addition, subtraction.
What are numbers?
Numbers are used in various arithmetic values applicable to carry out various arithmetic operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication, etc. which are applicable in daily lives for the purpose of calculation. The value of a number is determined by the digit, its place value in the number, and the base of the number system.
Numbers generally also known as numerals are the mathematical values used for counting, measurements, labeling and measuring fundamental quantities.
Numbers are the mathematical values or figures used for the purpose of measuring or calculating quantities. It is represented by numerals as 2,4,7, etc. Some examples of numbers are integers, whole numbers, natural numbers, rational and irrational numbers, etc.
Types Of Numbers
There are different types of numbers categorized into sets by the number system. The types are described below:
- Natural numbers: Natural numbers are the positive counting numbers that count from 1 to infinity. The subset doesn’t include fractional or decimal values. The set of natural numbers is represented by ‘N’. It is the numbers we generally use for counting. The set of natural numbers can be represented as N=1,2,3,4,5,6,7,……………
- Whole numbers: Whole numbers are positive natural numbers including zero, which counts from 0 to infinity. Whole numbers do not include fractions or decimals. The set of whole numbers is represented by ‘W’. The set can be represented as W=0,1,2,3,4,5,………………
- Integers: Integers are the set of numbers including all the positive counting numbers, zero as well as all negative counting numbers which count from negative infinity to positive infinity. The set doesn’t include fractions and decimals. The set of integers is denoted by ‘Z‘. The set of integers can be represented as Z=………..,-5.-4,-3,-2,-1,0,1,2,3,4,5,………….
- Decimal numbers: Any numeral value that consists of a decimal point is a decimal number. It can also be expressed in the fractional form in some cases. It can be expressed as 2.5,0.567, etc.
- Real number: Real numbers are the set numbers that do not include any imaginary value. It includes all the positive integers, negative integers, fractions, and decimal values. It is generally denoted by ‘R‘.
- Complex number: Complex numbers are a set of numbers that include imaginary numbers. It can be expressed as a+bi where “a” and “b” are real numbers. It is denoted by ‘C’.
- Rational numbers: Rational numbers are the numbers that can be expressed as the ratio of two integers. It includes all the integers and can be expressed in terms of fractions or decimals. It is denoted by ‘Q’.
- Irrational numbers: Irrational numbers are numbers that cannot be expressed in fractions or ratios of integers. It can be written in decimals and have endless non-repeating digits after the decimal point. It is denoted by ‘P’.
Are all whole numbers counting numbers?
The whole numbers are the numbers without fractions and are a collection of positive integers from 0 to infinity. All the whole numbers exist in number lines. All the whole numbers are real numbers but we can’t say that all the real numbers are whole numbers. Whole numbers cannot be negative. The whole numbers are represented by the symbol “W”.
Examples of whole Numbers
0, 10, 12, 56, and 100, etc. all are examples of whole numbers.
Are all whole numbers counting numbers?
The whole numbers are set of real numbers that includes zero and all positive counting numbers. Whereas, excludes fractions, negative integers, fractions, and decimals.
Whole numbers are numbers that start from 0 and end at infinity. Whole numbers are a set of natural numbers but it also includes 0 which is not a whole number. Counting numbers are numbers that are used to count objects and have some value. All the natural numbers are counting numbers.
Hence, all whole numbers are counting numbers except zero, which is not a counting number.
Question 1: Can a square root be a whole number?
Yes, if the square root is a perfect square of any real number then, a square root can be a whole number.
Question 2: Are all natural numbers considered as whole numbers?
Whole numbers start from 0 whereas all the natural numbers start from 1, hence natural numbers are the subset of whole numbers.
Question 3: Are fractions considered as whole numbers?
Whole numbers do not include fractions and decimal values. For example, 3/5 is not a whole number.
Question 4: Are decimals considered as whole numbers?
Whole numbers do not include decimals and fractions. For example, 2.5 is not a whole number.
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