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Aptitude | GATE CS 1998 | Question 54

  • Difficulty Level : Hard
  • Last Updated : 24 Oct, 2018

Which of the following query transformations (i.e., replacing the l.h.s. expression by the r.h.s. expression) is incorrect? R1 and R2 are relations. C1, C2 are selection conditions and A1, A2 are attributes of R1.

a.  σC1( σC2R1)) → σC2(σC1(R1))

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b.  σC1( πA1R1)) → πA1(σC1(R1))

c.  σC1( R1 ∪ R2 ) → σC1(R1) ∪ σC1(R2)

d.  πA1(σC1(R1)) → σC1 (πA1 (R1))
(A) a
(B) b
(C) c
(D) d


Answer: (D)

Explanation: D is the answer. If the selection condition c1 is on attribute A2, then we can not replace LHS expression by RHS expression. In RHS first projection is on A1 then selection condition c1 will fail because no A2 will be present there.


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