Diffie-Hellman-Algorithm is primarily a protocol that is used for key exchange. Using this interactive protocol two parties will derive a common secret key by communicating each other. The security of Diffie-Hellman algorithm is mainly based on the difficulty of computing the discrete logarithms.
Applications of Diffie Hellman Algorithm:
Many protocol uses Diffie-Hellman algorithm to enhance security and few of them are:
- Secure Shell (SSH)
- Transport Layer Security (TLS) / Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)
- Public Key Infrastructure (PKI)
- Internet Key Exchange (IKE)
- Internet Protocol Security (IPSec)
Limitations of Diffie Hellman Algorithm:
The following are the limitations of Diffie-Hellman algorithm:
- Lack of authentication procedure.
- Algorithm can be used only for symmetric key exchange.
- As there is no authentication involved, it is vulnerable to man-in-the-middle attack.
- As it is computationally intensive, it is expensive in terms of resources and CPU performance time.
- Encryption of information cannot be performed with the help of this algorithm.
- Digital signature cannot be signed using Diffie-Hellman algorithm.
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