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Append a digit in the end to make the number equal to the length of the remaining string
  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 10 May, 2021

Given a string str in which an integer is appended in the end (with or without leading zeroes). The task is to find a single digit from the range [0, 9] that must be appended in the end of the integer so that the number becomes equal to the length of remaining string. Print -1 if its not possible.
Examples: 
 

Input: str = “geeksforgeeks1” 
Output:
Length of “geeksforgeeks” is 13 
So, 3 must be appended at the end of 1.
Input: str = “abcd0” 
Output:
 

 

Approach: Find the number appended in the end of the string say num and append a 0 in the end which is the least digit possible i.e. num = num * 10. Now find the length of the remaining string ignoring the numeric from the end say len. Now the digit which must be appended will be digit = len – num. If digit is in the range [0, 9] then print it else print -1.
Below is the implementation of the above approach: 
 

C++




// C++ implementation of the approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to return the requried digit
int find_digit(string s, int n)
{
 
    // To store the position of the first
    // numeric digit in the string
    int first_digit = -1;
    for (int i = n - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
        if (s[i] < '0' || s[i] > '9') {
            first_digit = i;
            break;
        }
    }
    first_digit++;
 
    // To store the length of the
    // string without the numeric
    // digits in the end
    int s_len = first_digit;
 
    // pw stores the current power of 10
    // and num is to store the number
    // which is appended in the end
    int num = 0, pw = 1;
    int i = n - 1;
    while (i >= 0) {
 
        // If current character is
        // a numeric digit
        if (s[i] >= '0' && s[i] <= '9') {
 
            // Get the current digit
            int digit = s[i] - '0';
 
            // Build the number
            num = num + (pw * digit);
 
            // If number exceeds the length
            if (num >= s_len)
                return -1;
 
            // Next power of 10
            pw = pw * 10;
        }
        i--;
    }
 
    // Append 0 in the end
    num = num * 10;
 
    // Required number that must be added
    int req = s_len - num;
 
    // If number is not a single digit
    if (req > 9 || req < 0)
        return -1;
    return req;
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    string s = "abcd0";
    int n = s.length();
 
    cout << find_digit(s, n);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java implementation of the approach
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG
{
 
// Function to return the requried digit
static int find_digit(String s, int n)
{
 
    // To store the position of the first
    // numeric digit in the string
    int first_digit = -1;
    for (int i = n - 1; i >= 0; i--)
    {
        if (s.charAt(i) < '0' ||
            s.charAt(i) > '9')
        {
            first_digit = i;
            break;
        }
    }
    first_digit++;
 
    // To store the length of the
    // string without the numeric
    // digits in the end
    int s_len = first_digit;
 
    // pw stores the current power of 10
    // and num is to store the number
    // which is appended in the end
    int num = 0, pw = 1;
    int i = n - 1;
    while (i >= 0)
    {
 
        // If current character is
        // a numeric digit
        if (s.charAt(i) >= '0' &&
            s.charAt(i) <= '9')
        {
 
            // Get the current digit
            int digit = s.charAt(i) - '0';
 
            // Build the number
            num = num + (pw * digit);
 
            // If number exceeds the length
            if (num >= s_len)
                return -1;
 
            // Next power of 10
            pw = pw * 10;
        }
        i--;
    }
 
    // Append 0 in the end
    num = num * 10;
 
    // Required number that must be added
    int req = s_len - num;
 
    // If number is not a single digit
    if (req > 9 || req < 0)
        return -1;
    return req;
}
 
// Driver code
public static void main (String[] args)
{
    String s = "abcd0";
    int n = s.length();
     
    System.out.print(find_digit(s, n));
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by vt_m

Python3




# Python3 implementation of the approach
 
# Function to return the requried digit
def find_digit(s, n):
 
    # To store the position of the first
    # numeric digit in the string
    first_digit = -1
    for i in range(n - 1, -1, -1):
        if s[i] < '0' or s[i] > '9':
            first_digit = i
            break
 
    first_digit += 1
 
    # To store the length of the
    # string without the numeric
    # digits in the end
    s_len = first_digit
    num = 0
    pw = 1
    i = n - 1
    while i >= 0:
 
        # If current character is
        # a numeric digit
        if s[i] >= '0' and s[i] <= '9':
 
            # Get the current digit
            digit = ord(s[i]) - ord('0')
 
            # Build the number
            num = num + (pw * digit)
 
            # If number exceeds the length
            if num >= s_len:
                return -1
 
            # Next power of 10
            pw = pw * 10
 
        i -= 1
 
    # Append 0 in the end
    num = num * 10
 
    # Required number that must be added
    req = s_len - num
 
    # If number is not a single digit
    if req > 9 or req < 0:
        return -1
    return req
 
# Driver code
if __name__ == "__main__":
    s = "abcd0"
    n = len(s)
    print(find_digit(s, n))
 
# This code is contributed by
# sanjeev2552

C#




// C# implementation of the approach
using System;
     
class GFG
{
 
// Function to return the requried digit
static int find_digit(String s, int n)
{
 
    // To store the position of the first
    // numeric digit in the string
    int first_digit = -1, i;
    for (i = n - 1; i >= 0; i--)
    {
        if (s[i] < '0' ||
            s[i] > '9')
        {
            first_digit = i;
            break;
        }
    }
     
    first_digit++;
 
    // To store the length of the
    // string without the numeric
    // digits in the end
    int s_len = first_digit;
 
    // pw stores the current power of 10
    // and num is to store the number
    // which is appended in the end
    int num = 0, pw = 1;
    i = n - 1;
    while (i >= 0)
    {
 
        // If current character is
        // a numeric digit
        if (s[i] >= '0' &&
            s[i] <= '9')
        {
 
            // Get the current digit
            int digit = s[i] - '0';
 
            // Build the number
            num = num + (pw * digit);
 
            // If number exceeds the length
            if (num >= s_len)
                return -1;
 
            // Next power of 10
            pw = pw * 10;
        }
        i--;
    }
 
    // Append 0 in the end
    num = num * 10;
 
    // Required number that must be added
    int req = s_len - num;
 
    // If number is not a single digit
    if (req > 9 || req < 0)
        return -1;
    return req;
}
 
// Driver code
public static void Main (String[] args)
{
    String s = "abcd0";
    int n = s.Length;
     
    Console.Write(find_digit(s, n));
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by PrinciRaj1992

Javascript




<script>
 
// Javascript implementation of the approach
 
// Function to return the requried digit
function find_digit(s, n)
{
 
    // To store the position of the first
    // numeric digit in the string
    var first_digit = -1;
    for (var i = n - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
        if (s[i] < '0' || s[i] > '9') {
            first_digit = i;
            break;
        }
    }
    first_digit++;
 
    // To store the length of the
    // string without the numeric
    // digits in the end
    var s_len = first_digit;
 
    // pw stores the current power of 10
    // and num is to store the number
    // which is appended in the end
    var num = 0, pw = 1;
    var i = n - 1;
    while (i >= 0) {
 
        // If current character is
        // a numeric digit
        if (s[i] >= '0' && s[i] <= '9') {
 
            // Get the current digit
            var digit = s[i] - '0';
 
            // Build the number
            num = num + (pw * digit);
 
            // If number exceeds the length
            if (num >= s_len)
                return -1;
 
            // Next power of 10
            pw = pw * 10;
        }
        i--;
    }
 
    // Append 0 in the end
    num = num * 10;
 
    // Required number that must be added
    var req = s_len - num;
 
    // If number is not a single digit
    if (req > 9 || req < 0)
        return -1;
    return req;
}
 
// Driver code
var s = "abcd0";
var n = s.length;
document.write( find_digit(s, n));
 
</script>
Output: 
4

 

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