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AngularJS | Directives

  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 18 Jul, 2019

Directives are markers in the Document Object Model(DOM). Directives can be used with any of controller or HTML tag which will tell the compiler what exact operation or behavior is expected. There are some directives present which is predefined but if a developer wants he can create new directives (custom-directive).

The following table lists the important built-in AngularJS directives.

DirectivesDescription
ng-appStart of AngularJS application.
ng-initUsed to initialise a variable
ng-modelng-model is used to bind to the HTML controls
ng-controllerAttaches a controller to the view
ng-bindBinds the value with HTML element
ng-repeatRepeats HTML template once per each item in the specified collection.
ng-showShows or hides the associated HTML element
ng-readonlyMakes HTML element read-only
ng-disabledUse to disable or enable a button dynamically
ng-ifRemoves or recreates HTML element
ng-clickCustom step on click
  1. ng-app:
    The ng-app Directive in AngularJS is used to define the root element of an AngularJS application. This directive automatically initializes the AngularJS application on page load. It can be used to load various modules in AngularJS Application.
    Example: This example uses ng-app Directive to define a default AngularJS application.




    <html> 
            
    <head> 
        <title>AngularJS ng-app Directive</title> 
        
        <script src= 
        </script> 
    </head> 
        
    <body style="text-align:center"
            
        <h2 style = "color:green">ng-app directive</h2> 
            
        <div ng-app="" ng-init="name='GeeksforGeeks'"
            <p>{{ name }} is the portal for geeks.</p> 
        </div> 
    </body> 
        
    </html> 

    Output:

  2. ng-init:
    The ng-init directive is used to initialize an AngularJS Application data. It defines the initial value for an AngularJS application and assigns values to the variables.
    The ng-init directive defines initial values and variables for an AngularJS application.
    Example: In this example, we initialize an array of string.




    <html> 
        angular.min.js"></script> 
        <head> 
            <title>AngularJS ng-init Directive</title> 
        </head> 
        <body> 
                <h1 style = "color:green">GeeksforGeeks 
                <h2>ng-init directive</h2> 
                <div ng-app="" ng-init="sort=['quick sort', 'merge sort', 
                 'bubble sort']"
                 Sorting techniques: 
                <ul> 
                <li>{{ sort[0] }} </li> 
                <li>{{ sort[1] }} </li> 
                <li>{{ sort[2] }} </li> 
                </ul> 
             </div> 
        </body> 
    </html> 

    Output:

  3. ng-model:
    ngModel is a directive which binds input, select and textarea, and stores the required user value in a variable and we can use that variable whenever we require that value.
    It also is used during validations in a form.
    Example:






    <!DOCTYPE html> 
    <html> 
    <script src= 
    </script> 
    <style> 
        .column { 
            float: left; 
            text-align: left; 
            width: 49%; 
        
          
        .row { 
            content: ""
            display: table; 
        
    </style> 
      
    <body ng-app="myApp"
        ng-controller="myController"
        <h4>Input Box-</h4> 
        <div class="row"
            <div class="column"
                Name- 
                <input type="text"
                    ng-model="name"
                <pre> {{ name }} </pre> Checkbox- 
                <input type="checkbox"
                    ng-model="check"
                <pre> {{ check }} </pre> Radiobox- 
                <input type="radio"
                    ng-model="choice"
                <pre> {{ choice }} </pre> Number- 
                <input type="number"
                    ng-model="num"
                <pre> {{ num }} </pre> Email- 
                <input type="email"
                    ng-model="mail"
                <pre> {{ mail }} </pre> Url- 
                <input type="url"
                    ng-model="url"
                <pre> {{ url }} </pre> 
            </div> 
            <div class="column"
                Date: 
                <input type="date" ng-model="date1" (change)="log(date1)"
                <pre> Todays date:{{ date1+1 }}</pre> Datetime-local- 
                <input type="datetime-local" ng-model="date2"
                <pre> {{ date2+1 }} </pre> Time- 
                <input type="time" ng-model="time1"
                <pre> {{ time1+1 }} </pre> Month- 
                <input type="month" ng-model="mon"
                <pre> {{ mon+1 }} </pre> Week- 
                <input type="week" ng-model="we"
                <pre> {{ we+1 }} </pre> 
            </div> 
        </div> 
    </body> 
    <script> 
        var app = angular.module('myApp', []); 
        app.controller('myController', function($scope) { 
            $scope.name = "Hello Geeks!"
            $scope.check = ""
            $scope.rad = ""
            $scope.num = ""
            $scope.mail = ""
            $scope.url = ""
            $scope.date1 = ""
            $scope.date2 = ""
            $scope.time1 = ""
            $scope.mon = ""
            $scope.we = ""
            $scope.choice = ""
            $scope.c = function() { 
            $scope.choice = true
            }; 
        }); 
    </script> 
      
    </html> 

    Output:

  4. ng-controller:
    The ng-controller Directive in AngularJS is used to add controller to the application. It can be used to add methods, functions and variables that can be called on some event like click, etc to perform certain action.
    Example:




    <!DOCTYPE html> 
    <html> 
      
    <head> 
        <title>ng-controller Directive</title> 
      
        <script src= 
        </script> 
    </head> 
      
    <body ng-app="app" style="text-align:center"
          
        <h1 style="color:green">GeeksforGeeks</h1> 
        <h2>ng-controller Directive</h2><br> 
          
        <div ng-controller="geek"
            Name: <input class="form-control" type="text"
                    ng-model="name"
            <br><br> 
              
            You entered: <b><span>{{name}}</span></b> 
        </div> 
          
        <script> 
            var app = angular.module('app', []); 
            app.controller('geek', function ($scope) { 
                $scope.name = "geeksforgeeks"
            }); 
        </script> 
    </body> 
      
    </html> 

    Output:

  5. ng-bind:
    The ng-bind directive in AngularJS is used to bind/replace the text content of any particular HTML element with the value that is entered in the given expression. The value of specified HTML content updates whenever the value of the expression changes in ng-bind directive.




    <!DOCTYPE html> 
    <html> 
          
    <head> 
        <title>ng-checked Directive</title> 
      
        <script src= 
        </script> 
    </head> 
      
    <body ng-app="gfg" style="text-align:center"
          
        <h1 style="color:green">GeeksforGeeks</h1> 
        <h2>ng-bind Directive</h2>         
          
        <div ng-controller="app"
            num1: <input type="number" ng-model="num1"
                    ng-change="product()" /> 
            <br><br> 
              
            num2: <input type="number" ng-model="num2"
                    ng-change="product()" /> 
            <br><br> 
              
            <b>Product:</b> <span ng-bind="result"></span> 
        </div> 
          
        <script> 
            var app = angular.module("gfg", []); 
            app.controller('app', ['$scope', function ($app) { 
                $app.num1 = 1; 
                $app.num2 = 1; 
                $app.product = function () { 
                    $app.result = ($app.num1 * $app.num2); 
                
            }]); 
        </script> 
    </body> 
      
    </html> 

  6. ng-repeat:
    Angular-JS ng-repeat directive is a handy tool to repeat a set of HTML code for a number of times or once per item in a collection of items. ng-repeat is mostly used on arrays and objects.
    ng-repeat is similar to a loop that we have in C, C++ or other languages but technically it instantiates a template(normally a set of HTML structures) for each element in a collection that we are accessing. Angular maintains a $index variable as a key to the element which is currently being accessed and the user can also access this variable.

    Example:

    1. Create an app.js file for the app.




      var app = angular.module('myApp',[]); 
        
      app.controller('MainCtrl', function($scope){ 
          $scope.names = ['Adam','Steve','George','James','Armin']; 
          console.log($scope.names); 
      }); 

      Line 1- Created an app module named “myApp” with no dependencies.
      Line 3- Main controller for our application.
      Line 4- Array of strings “names”.

    2. Create index.html page




      <!DOCTYPE html> 
      <html ng-app="myApp"
      <head> 
          <title>Angular ng-repeat</title> 
          <script> type="text/javascript" src="jquery-3.2.1.min.js"
          </script> 
          <script> type="text/javascript" src="angular.js"></script> 
          <script> type="text/javascript" src="app.js"></script> 
      </head> 
      <body ng-controller="MainCtrl"
          <h2>Here is the name list</h2> 
          <ul> 
              <li ng-repeat="name in names"
                  {{name}} 
              </li> 
          </ul> 
      </body> 
      </html> 

      Line 5- Include all the dependencies like jquery, angular-js and app.js file
      Line 12- Use ng-repeat directive to get one name from names array at a time and display it.
      Output:

  7. ng-show:
    The ng-show Directive in AngluarJS is used to show or hide the specified HTML element. If the given expression in ng-show attribute is true then the HTML element will display otherwise it hides the HTML element. It is supported by all HTML elements.
    Example 1: This example uses ng-show Directive to display the HTML element after checked the checkbox.




    <!DOCTYPE html> 
    <html> 
      
    <head> 
        <title>ng-show Directive</title> 
          
        <script src= 
        </script> 
    </head> 
      
    <body> 
        <div ng-app="app" ng-controller="geek"
              
            <h1 style="color:green">GeeksforGeeks</h1> 
            <h2>ng-show Directive</h2> 
              
            <input id="chshow" type="checkbox" ng-model="show" /> 
              
            <label for="chshow"
                Show Paragraph 
            </label> 
              
            <p ng-show="show" style="background: green; color: white; 
                    font-size: 14px; width:35%; padding: 10px;"
                Show this paragraph using ng-show 
            </p> 
        </div> 
          
        <script> 
            var myapp = angular.module("app", []); 
            myapp.controller("geek", function ($scope) { 
                $scope.show = false
            }); 
        </script> 
    </body> 
      
    </html>                     

    Output:
    Before checked the checkbox:

    After checked the checkbox:

  8. ng-readonly:
    The ng-readonly Directive in AngularJS is used to specify the readonly attribute of an HTML element. The HTML element will be readonly only if the expression inside ng-readonly directive returns true.
    Example: This example uses ng-readonly Directive to enable readonly property.




    <!DOCTYPE html> 
    <html> 
        <head> 
            <title>ng-readonly Directive</title> 
              
            <script src= 
            </script> 
        </head> 
          
        <body ng-app style="text-align:center"
            <h1 style="color:green">GeeksforGeeks</h1> 
            <h2>ng-readonly Directive</h2> 
              
            <div> 
                <label>Check to make month readonly: <input type="checkbox"
                ng-model="open"></label> 
                  
                <br><br> 
                  
                Input Month:<input ng-readonly="open" type="month"
                        ng-model="month"
            </div> 
        </body> 
    </html>                     

    Output:
    Before checked the checkbox:

    After checked the checkbox:

  9. ng-disabled:
    The ng-disabled Directive in AngularJS is used to enable or disable HTML elements. If the expression inside the ng-disabled attribute returns true then the form field will be disabled or vice versa. It is usually applied on form field (input, select, button, etc).
    Example 1: This example uses ng-disabled Directive to disable the button.




    <!DOCTYPE html> 
    <html> 
          
    <head> 
        <title>ng-disabled Directive</title> 
      
        <script src= 
        </script> 
    </head> 
      
    <body ng-app="app" style="text-align:center"
          
        <h1 style="color:green">GeeksforGeeks</h1> 
          
        <h2>ng-disabled Directive</h2> 
          
        <div ng-controller="app" ng-init="disable=false"
            <button ng-click="geek(disable)" ng-disabled="disable"
                Click to Disable 
            </button> 
              
            <button ng-click="geek(disable)" ng-show="disable"
                Click to Enable 
            </button> 
        </div> 
          
        <script> 
            var app = angular.module("app", []); 
            app.controller('app', ['$scope', function ($app) { 
                $app.geek = function (disable) { 
                    $app.disable = !disable; 
                
            }]); 
        </script> 
    </body> 
      
    </html> 

    Output:
    Before clicking the button:

    After clicking the button:

  10. ng-if:
    The ng-if Directive in AngularJS is used to remove or recreate a portion of HTML element based on an expression. The ng-if is different from ng-hide because it completely removes the element in the DOM rather than just hiding the display of the element. If the expression inside it is false then the element is removed and if it is true then the element is added to the DOM.
    Example: This example changes the content after clicking the button.




    <!DOCTYPE html> 
    <html> 
          
    <head> 
        <title>ng-hide Directive</title> 
          
        <script src= 
        </script> 
    </head> 
      
    <body ng-app="geek" style="text-align:center"
          
        <h1 style="color:green"
            GeeksforGeeks 
        </h1> 
          
        <h2>ng-if Directive</h2> 
          
        <div ng-controller="app as vm"
            <div ng-if="!vm.IsShow"
                <input type="button" class="btn btn-primary"
                        ng-click="vm.IsShow=!vm.IsShow"
                        value="Sign in"
                          
                <p>Click to Sign in</p> 
            </div> 
              
            <div ng-if="vm.IsShow"
                <button class="btn btn-primary"
                ng-click="vm.IsShow=!vm.IsShow"
                    Sign out 
                </button> 
                  
                <p> 
                    GeeksforGeeks is the computer 
                    science portal for geeks. 
                </p> 
            </div> 
        </div> 
          
        <script> 
            var app = angular.module("geek", []); 
            app.controller('app', ['$scope', function ($scope) { 
                var vm = this
            }]); 
        </script> 
    </body> 
      
    </html> 

    Output:
    Before click on button:


    After click on button:

  11. ng-click:
    The ng-click Directive in AngluarJS is used to apply custom behavior when an element is clicked. It can be used to show/hide some element or it can popup alert when button is clicked.
    Example: This example uses ng-click Directive to display an alert message after clicking the element.




    <!DOCTYPE html> 
    <html> 
          
    <head> 
        <title>ng-click Directive</title> 
      
        <script src= 
        </script> 
    </head> 
      
    <body ng-app="geek" style="text-align:center"
          
        <h1 style="color:green">GeeksforGeeks</h1> 
        <h2>ng-click Directive</h2> 
          
        <div ng-controller="app"
            <button> 
                <a href="" ng-click="alert()"
                    Click Here 
                </a> 
            </button> 
        </div> 
          
        <script> 
            var app = angular.module("geek", []); 
            app.controller('app', ['$scope', function ($app) { 
                $app.alert = function () { 
                    alert("This is an example of ng-click"); 
                
            }]); 
        </script> 
    </body> 
      
    </html> 

    Output:
    Before clicking the button:

    After clicking the button:




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