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Android SQLite Database in Kotlin

  • Difficulty Level : Expert
  • Last Updated : 16 Sep, 2021
Geek Week

Android comes with an inbuilt implementation of a database package, which is SQLite, an open-source SQL database that stores data in form of text in devices. In this article, we will look at the implementation of Android SQLite in Kotlin. 

SQLite is a self-contained, high-reliability, embedded, full-featured, public-domain, SQL database engine. It is the most used database engine in the world. It is an in-process library and its code is publicly available. It is free for use for any purpose, commercial or private. It is basically an embedded SQL database engine. Ordinary disk files can be easily read and write by SQLite because it does not have any separate server like SQL. The SQLite database file format is cross-platform so that anyone can easily copy a database between 32-bit and 64-bit systems. Due to all these features, it is a popular choice as an Application File Format.

What are we going to build in this article?

We will be building a simple application that will be storing data using SQLite and we will also implement methods to retrieve the data. Below is a sample video to show what we will be doing.

Step By Step Implementation

Step 1: Create a New Project

To create a new project in Android Studio please refer to How to Create/Start a New Project in Android Studio. Note that select Kotlin as the programming language.



Step 2: Giving permission to access the storage in the AndroidManifest.xml file

Navigate to app > AndroidManifest.xml and add the below code to it.

XML




<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />

Step 3: Working with the activity_main.xml file

Navigate to app > res > layout > activity_main.xml. Add the below code to your file. Below is the code for activity_main.xml.

XML




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">
 
    <!-- Edit text to enter name -->
    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/enterName"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:hint="Enter Name"
        android:textSize="22sp"
        android:layout_margin="20sp"/>
 
    <!-- Edit text to enter age -->
    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/enterAge"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_margin="20sp"
        android:textSize="22sp"
        android:hint="Enter Age"/>
 
    <!-- Button to add Name -->
    <Button
        android:id="@+id/addName"
        android:layout_width="150sp"
        android:layout_gravity="center"
        android:background="@color/colorPrimary"
        android:text="Add Name"
        android:textColor="#ffffff"
        android:textSize="20sp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginTop="20sp"/>
 
    <!-- Button to print Name -->
    <Button
        android:id="@+id/printName"
        android:layout_width="150sp"
        android:layout_gravity="center"
        android:background="@color/colorPrimary"
        android:text="Print Name"
        android:textColor="#ffffff"
        android:textSize="20sp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginTop="20sp"/>
 
    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content">
 
        <!-- Text view to get all name -->
        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/Name"
            android:textAlignment="center"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_margin="20sp"
            android:text="Name\n\n"
            android:textSize="22sp"
            android:padding="10sp"
            android:textColor="#000000"/>
 
        <!-- Text view to get all ages -->
        <TextView
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:id="@+id/Age"
            android:textAlignment="center"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_margin="20sp"
            android:text="Age\n\n"
            android:textSize="22sp"
            android:padding="10sp"
            android:textColor="#000000"/>
 
    </LinearLayout>
   
</LinearLayout>

Step 4: Creating a new class for SQLite operations

Navigate to app > java > your project’s package name > Right-click on it > New > Kotlin class and name it as DBHelper and add the below code to it. To make the code more understandable, comments are added.

Kotlin




package com.release.gfg1
 
import android.content.ContentValues
import android.content.Context
import android.database.Cursor
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper
 
class DBHelper(context: Context, factory: SQLiteDatabase.CursorFactory?) :
    SQLiteOpenHelper(context, DATABASE_NAME, factory, DATABASE_VERSION) {
 
    // below is the method for creating a database by a sqlite query
    override fun onCreate(db: SQLiteDatabase) {
        // below is a sqlite query, where column names
        // along with their data types is given
        val query = ("CREATE TABLE " + TABLE_NAME + " ("
                + ID_COL + " INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, " +
                NAME_COl + " TEXT," +
                AGE_COL + " TEXT" + ")")
 
        // we are calling sqlite
        // method for executing our query
        db.execSQL(query)
    }
 
    override fun onUpgrade(db: SQLiteDatabase, p1: Int, p2: Int) {
        // this method is to check if table already exists
        db.execSQL("DROP TABLE IF EXISTS " + TABLE_NAME)
        onCreate(db)
    }
 
    // This method is for adding data in our database
    fun addName(name : String, age : String ){
 
        // below we are creating
        // a content values variable
        val values = ContentValues()
 
        // we are inserting our values
        // in the form of key-value pair
        values.put(NAME_COl, name)
        values.put(AGE_COL, age)
 
        // here we are creating a
        // writable variable of
        // our database as we want to
        // insert value in our database
        val db = this.writableDatabase
 
        // all values are inserted into database
        db.insert(TABLE_NAME, null, values)
 
        // at last we are
        // closing our database
        db.close()
    }
 
    // below method is to get
    // all data from our database
    fun getName(): Cursor? {
 
        // here we are creating a readable
        // variable of our database
        // as we want to read value from it
        val db = this.readableDatabase
 
        // below code returns a cursor to
        // read data from the database
        return db.rawQuery("SELECT * FROM " + TABLE_NAME, null)
 
    }
 
    companion object{
        // here we have defined variables for our database
 
        // below is variable for database name
        private val DATABASE_NAME = "GEEKS_FOR_GEEKS"
 
        // below is the variable for database version
        private val DATABASE_VERSION = 1
 
        // below is the variable for table name
        val TABLE_NAME = "gfg_table"
 
        // below is the variable for id column
        val ID_COL = "id"
 
        // below is the variable for name column
        val NAME_COl = "name"
 
        // below is the variable for age column
        val AGE_COL = "age"
    }
}

Step 5: Working with MainActivity.kt file

Go to the MainActivity.kt file and refer to the following code. Below is the code for the MainActivity.kt file. Comments are added inside the code to understand the code in more detail.

Kotlin




package com.release.gfg1
 
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
import android.os.Bundle
import android.widget.Toast
import kotlinx.android.synthetic.main.activity_main.*
 
class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
 
    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)
 
        // below code is to add on click
        // listener to our add name button
        addName.setOnClickListener{
 
            // below we have created
            // a new DBHelper class,
            // and passed context to it
            val db = DBHelper(this, null)
 
            // creating variables for values
            // in name and age edit texts
            val name = enterName.text.toString()
            val age = enterAge.text.toString()
 
            // calling method to add
            // name to our database
            db.addName(name, age)
 
            // Toast to message on the screen
            Toast.makeText(this, name + " added to database", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show()
 
            // at last, clearing edit texts
            enterName.text.clear()
            enterAge.text.clear()
        }
 
        // below code is to add on  click
        // listener to our print name button
        printName.setOnClickListener{
 
            // creating a DBHelper class
            // and passing context to it
            val db = DBHelper(this, null)
 
            // below is the variable for cursor
            // we have called method to get
            // all names from our database
            // and add to name text view
            val cursor = db.getName()
 
            // moving the cursor to first position and
            // appending value in the text view
            cursor!!.moveToFirst()
            Name.append(cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex(DBHelper.NAME_COl)) + "\n")
            Age.append(cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex(DBHelper.AGE_COL)) + "\n")
 
            // moving our cursor to next
            // position and appending values
            while(cursor.moveToNext()){
                Name.append(cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex(DBHelper.NAME_COl)) + "\n")
                Age.append(cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex(DBHelper.AGE_COL)) + "\n")
            }
 
            // at last we close our cursor
            cursor.close()
        }
    }
}

Now run your app and see the output.

Output:

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