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Android – RecyclerView using GridLayoutManager with Kotlin

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  • Last Updated : 25 Jul, 2022
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RecyclerView is an improved version of List View in which we can add customization to each item of our recycler view according to our requirements. We can change the orientation of our recycler view depending on our requirements. We can create a simple grid layout, vertical and horizontal recycler view, and a staggered grid view. In this article, we will take a look at building a RecyclerView with a GridLayoutManager in Android using Kotlin. 

Note: If you are looking to implement Grid Layout Manager in your Recycler View in Android using Java. Check out the following article: RecyclerView using Grid Layout Manager in Android using Java. 

Step by Step Implementation

Step 1: Create a New Project in Android Studio

To create a new project in Android Studio please refer to How to Create/Start a New Project in Android Studio. Note that select Kotlin as the programming language.

Step 2: Create a Card Layout for Recycler View Card Items

Go to the app > res > layout> right-click > New >Layout Resource File and name the file as course_rv_item. In this file, all XML code related to card items in the RecyclerView is written. Below is the code for the course_rv_item.xml file.

XML




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<androidx.cardview.widget.CardView
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_gravity="center"
    android:layout_margin="5dp"
    app:cardCornerRadius="5dp"
    app:cardElevation="4dp">
   
    <!--on below line we are creating a
        linear layout for grid view item-->
    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:orientation="vertical">
 
        <!--on below line we are creating
            a simple image view-->
        <ImageView
            android:id="@+id/idIVCourse"
            android:layout_width="80dp"
            android:layout_height="80dp"
            android:layout_gravity="center"
            android:layout_margin="8dp"
            android:padding="5dp"
            android:src="@mipmap/ic_launcher" />
 
        <!--on below line we are creating
            a simple text view-->
        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/idTVCourse"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_gravity="center"
            android:layout_margin="5dp"
            android:padding="4dp"
            android:text="@string/app_name"
            android:textAlignment="center"
            android:textColor="@color/black"
            android:textStyle="bold"
            tools:ignore="RtlCompat" />
 
    </LinearLayout>
 
</androidx.cardview.widget.CardView>

Step 3: Create a Java class for Modal Data

Go to the app > java > Right-Click on your app’s package name > New > Kotlin Class and name the file as CourseRVModal. Add the below code to it. Comments are added in the code to get to know in detail. 

Kotlin




package com.gtappdevelopers.kotlingfgproject
 
data class CourseRVModal(
    // on below line we are creating a
    // two variable one for course name
    // and other for course image.
    var courseName: String,
    var courseImg: Int
)

Step 4: Create a new Kotlin class for the Adapter

Similarly, create a new Kotlin Class and name the file as CourseRVAdapter. The adapter is the main class that is responsible for RecyclerView. It holds all methods which are useful in RecyclerView. Adapter class is used to set the data to each item of our recycler view. 

Kotlin




package com.gtappdevelopers.kotlingfgproject
 
import android.content.Context
import android.view.LayoutInflater
import android.view.View
import android.view.ViewGroup
import android.widget.ImageView
import android.widget.TextView
import androidx.recyclerview.widget.RecyclerView
 
// on below line we are creating
// a course rv adapter class.
class CourseRVAdapter(
    // on below line we are passing variables
    // as course list and context
    private val courseList: ArrayList<CourseRVModal>,
    private val context: Context
) : RecyclerView.Adapter<CourseRVAdapter.CourseViewHolder>() {
    override fun onCreateViewHolder(
        parent: ViewGroup,
        viewType: Int
    ): CourseRVAdapter.CourseViewHolder {
        // this method is use to inflate the layout file
        // which we have created for our recycler view.
        // on below line we are inflating our layout file.
        val itemView = LayoutInflater.from(parent.context).inflate(
            R.layout.course_rv_item,
            parent, false
        )
        // at last we are returning our view holder
        // class with our item View File.
        return CourseViewHolder(itemView)
    }
 
    override fun onBindViewHolder(holder: CourseRVAdapter.CourseViewHolder, position: Int) {
        // on below line we are setting data to our text view and our image view.
        holder.courseNameTV.text = courseList.get(position).courseName
        holder.courseIV.setImageResource(courseList.get(position).courseImg)
    }
 
    override fun getItemCount(): Int {
        // on below line we are
        // returning our size of our list
        return courseList.size
    }
 
    class CourseViewHolder(itemView: View) : RecyclerView.ViewHolder(itemView) {
        // on below line we are initializing our course name text view and our image view.
        val courseNameTV: TextView = itemView.findViewById(R.id.idTVCourse)
        val courseIV: ImageView = itemView.findViewById(R.id.idIVCourse)
    }
}

Step 5: Working with the activity_main.xml file

This is the main screen that displays all data in the form of a grid. Here we have to implement Recycler View. Below is the code snippet of the XML layout in the activity_main.xml file. 

XML




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:id="@+id/container"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">
 
    <!--on below line we are creating
         a text for heading of our app-->
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/idTVHeading"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_margin="8dp"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:padding="4dp"
        android:text="Grid Layout Manager"
        android:textAlignment="center"
        android:textColor="@color/purple_200"
        android:textSize="18sp"
        android:textStyle="bold" />
 
    <!--on below line we are creating a recycler view-->
    <androidx.recyclerview.widget.RecyclerView
        android:id="@+id/idRVCourses"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_below="@id/idTVHeading" />
 
</RelativeLayout>

Step 6: Working with the MainActivity.kt file

This is the main java file where we will set LayoutManager, adapter, and set data to RecyclerView which is to be displayed in RecyclerView. Below is the code for the MainActivity.kt file. Comments are added inside the code to understand the code in more detail. 

Kotlin




package com.gtappdevelopers.kotlingfgproject
 
import android.os.Bundle
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
import androidx.recyclerview.widget.GridLayoutManager
import androidx.recyclerview.widget.RecyclerView
 
class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
 
    // on below line we are creating variables
    // for our swipe to refresh layout,
    // recycler view, adapter and list.
    lateinit var courseRV: RecyclerView
    lateinit var courseRVAdapter: CourseRVAdapter
    lateinit var courseList: ArrayList<CourseRVModal>
 
    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)
         
        // on below line we are initializing
        // our views with their ids.
        courseRV = findViewById(R.id.idRVCourses)
 
        // on below line we are initializing our list
        courseList = ArrayList()
 
        // on below line we are creating a variable
        // for our grid layout manager and specifying
        // column count as 2
        val layoutManager = GridLayoutManager(this, 2)
 
        courseRV.layoutManager = layoutManager
         
        // on below line we are initializing our adapter
        courseRVAdapter = CourseRVAdapter(courseList, this)
 
        // on below line we are setting
        // adapter to our recycler view.
        courseRV.adapter = courseRVAdapter
 
        // on below line we are adding data to our list
        courseList.add(CourseRVModal("Android Development", R.drawable.android))
        courseList.add(CourseRVModal("C++ Development", R.drawable.c))
        courseList.add(CourseRVModal("Java Development", R.drawable.java))
        courseList.add(CourseRVModal("Python Development", R.drawable.python))
        courseList.add(CourseRVModal("JavaScript Development", R.drawable.js))
 
        // on below line we are notifying adapter
        // that data has been updated.
        courseRVAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged()
 
    }
}

Now run your application to see the output of it. 

Output: 


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