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Android Fade In/Out in Kotlin

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In Android Animations are the visuals that are added to make the user interface more interactive, clear and good looking. Fade In and Fade out animations are used to modify the appearance of any view over a set interval of time so that user can be notified about the changes that are occurring in our application. 
In this article we will be discussing how to create a Fade In/Out animation in Kotlin .


XML AttributesDescription
android:durationIt is used to specify the duration of animation
android:fromAlphaIt is the starting alpha value for the animation, 
where 1.0 means fully opaque and 0.0 means fully transparent
android:toAlphaIt is the ending alpha value
android:idSets unique id of the view

First step is to create a new Project in Android Studio. For this follow these steps:

  • Click on File, then New and then New Project and give name whatever you like
  • Then, select Kotlin language Support and click next button.
  • Select minimum SDK, whatever you need
  • Select Empty activity and then click finish.

After that, we need to design our layout. For that we need to work with the XML file. Go to app > res > layout and paste the following code:

Modify activity_main.xml file



<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android=""
              tools:context=".MainActivity" android:orientation="vertical">
            android:textStyle="bold" />
            android:text="Fade In"
            android:layout_marginLeft="100dp" />
            android:text="Fade Out"
            android:textAllCaps="false" />

Add anim folder

In this folder, we will be adding the XML files which will be used to produce the animations. For this to happen, go to app/res right click and then select, Android Resource Directory and name it as anim
Again right click this anim folder and select Animation resource file and name it as fade_in. Similarly, also create fade_out.xml and paste the following code.


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
        android:toAlpha="1.0" />



<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
        android:toAlpha="0.1" />

Modify MainActivity.kt file

Open app/src/main/java/yourPackageName/MainActivity.kt and do the following changes:


package com.geeksforgeeks.myfirstKotlinapp
import android.os.Bundle
import android.os.Handler
import android.view.View
import android.view.animation.AnimationUtils
class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        //setting button onClickListener
        fade_in.setOnClickListener {
        textView.visibility = View.VISIBLE
        //loading our custom made animations
        val animation = AnimationUtils.loadAnimation(this, R.anim.fade_in)
        //starting the animation
    fade_out.setOnClickListener {
        val animation = AnimationUtils.loadAnimation(this, R.anim.fade_out)
        //textview will be invisible after the specified amount
        // of time elapses, here it is 1000 milliseconds
            textView.visibility = View.GONE
        }, 1000)

AndroidManifest.xml file


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
        <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN"/>
                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER"/>

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Last Updated : 28 Oct, 2021
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