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Allow users to change font size of a webpage using JavaScript

  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 19 Aug, 2021
Geek Week

If you have seen some websites especially some Indian government portals, you would have noticed three small buttons at the top rightmost corner of the page looking something like this: -A  A  A+. These buttons generally allow the website users to change the font size of the entire page or a certain portion of the page to a specific size to improve the readability of the page. In this post, we are going to learn how to achieve this feature for a specific div using JavaScript. However, usage of the buttons provides users only a few options to change the font size. Using an HTML slider allows users to choose a font size from within a wide range thus giving users more options to choose from. So, apart from buttons, we are also going to achieve the same feature using an HTML slider.

Approach:

  1. Define the <div> tag consisting the <p> tag, slider & 3 buttons.
  2. Make a JavaScript function to change the font size of the content in the div section. Use OnClick() event for the button click & for moving the slider, use OnChange() event.
  3. In the case of a button click, use the DOM to access the <div> tag for changing the value of the font-size attribute from javascript itself.  
  4. In the case of moving the slider, again use DOM to access the value of the slider that has been set by the user and use this value as the font-size value for the <div> tag.

We will follow the above approach to build the font size controller & will make it stepwise manner.

Step 1: Create a simple HTML page with three buttons, a div consisting of a paragraph, and a slider. We are going to change the font size of this div content using the buttons or the slider. We will apply only the essential CSS stylings.

 



HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  
<body>
    <center>
        <h1 style="color: green">GeeksForGeeks</h1>
        <button type="button" name="btn1">-A</button>
        <button type="button" name="btn2">A</button>
        <button type="button" name="btn3">A+</button>
        <br /><br />
        <div style="padding: 20px; margin: 50px;
            font-size: 20px; border: 5px solid green;"
            id="container" class="container">
              
            <p>
                A Computer Science portal for geeks. 
                It contains well written, well thought 
                and well explained computer ming science 
                and programarticles,quizzes and practice/ 
                competitive programming/company interview 
                questions.
            </p>
        </div>
  
        <input type="range" min="10" max="30" 
                    id="slider" value="20" />
    </center>
</body>
  
</html>

Step 2: We will write a JavaScript function to change the font size of the div when the user clicks the button or moves the slider. This change can be observed by using JavaScript events. Make use of the onClick() event to observe if the user has clicked the button and make use of the onChange() event to sense if the user has moved the slider. Create two functions for the two triggers events (ie. onClick and onChange). 

For the button functionality, a parametrized function will be created for the onClick event where each button will send a unique number which will be the font size of the div. Using the Document object module (DOM), we can access our <div> tag and change the value of the font-size attribute from javascript itself.

For the Slider functionality, a normal non-parameterized function will be created for the onChange event. Using the Document object module (DOM), we can access the value of the slider that has been set by the user and use this value as the font-size value for our <div> tag.

Javascript




<script>
   var cont = document.getElementById("container");
   function changeSizeByBtn(size) {
     
     // Set value of the parameter as fontSize
     cont.style.fontSize = size;
   }
   function changeSizeBySlider() {
     var slider = document.getElementById("slider");
       
     // Set slider value as fontSize
     cont.style.fontSize = slider.value;
   }
</script>

Step 3: Add the appropriate functions to the event attributes of the button and the slider. Click the buttons or move the slider and you should see the font size of the div contents to be changing.

Complete code:

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  
<body>
    <center>
        <h1 style="color: green">GeeksForGeeks</h1>
        <button type="button" 
            onclick="changeSizeByBtn(15)" name="btn1">
            -A
        </button>
          
        <button type="button" 
            onclick="changeSizeByBtn(20)" name="btn2">
            A
        </button>
  
        <button type="button" onclick="changeSizeByBtn(25)"
            name="btn3">
            A+
        </button>
        <br /><br />
  
        <div style="padding: 20px; margin: 50px;
            font-size: 20px; border: 5px solid green;" 
            id="container" class="container">
              
            <p>
                A Computer Science portal for geeks. 
                It contains well written, well thought 
                and well explained computer scienc and 
                programming articles quizzes and practice/ 
                competitive programming/company interview 
                questions.
            </p>
        </div>
  
        <input type="range" min="10" max="30" id="slider"
            onchange="changeSizeBySlider()" value="20" />
    </center>
  
    <script>
        var cont = document.getElementById("container");
  
        function changeSizeByBtn(size) {
  
            // Set value of the parameter as fontSize
            cont.style.fontSize = size;
        }
  
        function changeSizeBySlider() {
            var slider = document.getElementById("slider");
  
            // Set slider value as fontSize
            cont.style.fontSize = slider.value;
        }
    </script>
</body>
  
</html>

Output:

changing font size using JavaScript

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