Python is an amazing programming language that can possibly be used in every field be it data science, software development, machine learning, automation, web scraping, website development, system administration, and much more. Due to an ever-increasing demand for Python developers in the IT industry, the number of students and professionals that are learning Python has gone up. People are also switching to Python because it is known to be super beginner-friendly and can easily be picked up in a few days. According to the Python survey for the year 2020, Python is the second most loved language and has rising on the popularity index to beat most of the other programming languages.
Although there is a plethora of online tutorials and blogs to learn Python, most of them offer only theoretical concepts. To master a language it is essential to practice and get a good hands-on experience on the language itself. Therefore, if you are getting started with Python or have a basic understanding of it, fear not! We are listing out the top 7 project ideas that you can proceed to build and will help you grasp some basic functionalities of it. These projects are not that hard but will definitely help you gain some confidence in the language. These projects can either be classified into command-line-based projects or graphical user interface (GUI) based projects. Let’s not look at them one by one:
Command Line Interface Based Projects
These type of projects are the ones which can be run using the console and are confined to run in it. There are various command-line interfaces in which you can run your codes like Anaconda Command Prompt, Windows terminal, VSCode terminal, etc. Let us look at the projects that you can build which are based out of the CLI:
1. Hangman Game
This is the classic Python game that every single Python developer tries while learning Python. The game involves a Python module called random which helps to randomize numbers or choices in a list. The basic functionality of the game is that initially, the Python script contains a list of random words. When run, it chooses any one word from the list but this word is not shown to the user. The user will be given a few turns, and in each turn, the user has to input a letter. If the word chosen by the script contains this letter, it asks for another letter. If the letter is not present in the word, then your hangman is closer to being hanged. Let’s say you get 10 turns, if you could not guess the word in 12 turns, you lose else you win and save the hangman.
To learn more about it, you can read: Hangman in Python
2. Number Guessing Game
This is the first program that is implemented by probably all Python learners in the initial days of learning Python. The game is basic and needs two Python libraries, namely random and math. The user first selects a range of numbers which is fed as the first input to the program. Next, the program generates a random number that is not disclosed to the user. The user now has to guess this number between the selected range in the minimum number of turns.
To learn more about it, you can read: Number Guessing Game in Python
3. Tic Tac Toe
We all have played Tic Tac Toe with our friends and it’s so much fun, but implementing the same in Python will also help you gain better problem skills! This game involves two players who alternatively put “X” or “O” on the 9X9 board. As soon as one player manages to complete a row or column or diagonal with three same symbols, the user wins. If no player is able to complete the winning condition and all the 9 boxes are filled, it a draw. You can implement this either for two users, user vs computer, or automatic for computer vs computer.
To learn more about it, you can read: Tic Tac Toe in Python
GUI Based Projects
Graphical User Interface, or Desktop GUI based projects which rather than interacting with the user in a console window, interact using graphic and visual components like buttons, drop-down menus, arrows, etc. These can be implemented using various libraries like Tkinter or PyQT5. Let us look at the beginner level projects that you can create while incorporating graphics:
4. Rock Paper Scissors
This game makes good use of your Python basics and fundamental concepts along with the graphical programming part. In this game, two-player choose either rock, paper, or scissors in every turn. There is always a winner in a turn when both have different shapes, for example, scissor wins over the paper, paper wins over rock and rock wins over scissors. While making it in GUI, you can create buttons for all three symbols and use if conditions to check for winning.
To learn more about it, you can read: Rock Paper Scissors in Python
5. Countdown Timer
Creating a countdown timer is another fun project where you will need a Python library called time which will help you modify the interface at each unit of time, say second or minute. This project can be implemented by creating a screen widget and text boxes for an hour, minute, and second respectively. It should also contain a start button, which when clicked, starts decrementing time. The screen widget updates time every second and stops when the time reaches zero.
To learn more about it, you can read: Countdown Timer in Python
We all use calculators but have you thought of implementing them? If not, this beginner-friendly Python project will help you get a good hands-on over the GUI Python library. You can add a textbox that will show the present numbers or the results. You will also have to create buttons for numbers as well as mathematical operations like add, subtract, multiply, exponent, divide, etc. As an advancement, you can also add the functionality of floating-point numbers and will have to perform checks if the operands are valid.
To learn more about it, you can read: Calculator in Python
7. Generic Convertor
A generic converter can come in handy for converting various different currencies, measurements, or even temperature. You can have a textbox to enter the number or value to be converted and the desired unit in which you expect the result. Some examples could be converting Celsius to Fahrenheit or Miles to Meters or Inches, INR to dollars (you’ll have to update this frequently since the value varies daily), and Yards to Kilometers, etc.
To learn more about it, you can read: Standard GUI Converter in Python
We have looked at some good beginner-friendly projects that you can implement in Python to get your Python skills going and improving your problem-solving skills in the process. You can also refer to the links attached as they will help you get started for the projects! After building these projects, you can move on to some intermediate-level projects and even add them to your resume!