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7 Major Challenges Faced By Machine Learning Professionals

Last Updated : 13 Oct, 2021
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In Machine Learning, there occurs a process of analyzing data for building or training models. It is just everywhere; from Amazon product recommendations to self-driven cars, it beholds great value throughout. As per the latest research, the global machine learning market is expected to grow by 43% by 2024. This revolution has enhanced the demand for machine learning professionals to a great extent. AI and machine learning jobs have observed a significant growth rate of 75% in the past four years, and the industry is growing continuously. A career in the Machine learning domain offers job satisfaction, excellent growth, insanely high salary, but it is a complex and challenging process. 


There are a lot of challenges that machine learning professionals face to inculcate ML skills and create an application from scratch. What are these challenges? In this blog, we will discuss seven major challenges faced by machine learning professionals. Let’s have a look.

1. Poor Quality of Data

Data plays a significant role in the machine learning process. One of the significant issues that machine learning professionals face is the absence of good quality data. Unclean and noisy data can make the whole process extremely exhausting. We don’t want our algorithm to make inaccurate or faulty predictions. Hence the quality of data is essential to enhance the output. Therefore, we need to ensure that the process of data preprocessing which includes removing outliers, filtering missing values, and removing unwanted features, is done with the utmost level of perfection.  

2. Underfitting of Training Data

This process occurs when data is unable to establish an accurate relationship between input and output variables. It simply means trying to fit in undersized jeans. It signifies the data is too simple to establish a precise relationship. To overcome this issue:

  • Maximize the training time
  • Enhance the complexity of the model
  • Add more features to the data
  • Reduce regular parameters
  • Increasing the training time of model

3. Overfitting of Training Data

Overfitting refers to a machine learning model trained with a massive amount of data that negatively affect its performance. It is like trying to fit in Oversized jeans. Unfortunately, this is one of the significant issues faced by machine learning professionals. This means that the algorithm is trained with noisy and biased data, which will affect its overall performance. Let’s understand this with the help of an example. Let’s consider a model trained to differentiate between a cat, a rabbit, a dog, and a tiger. The training data contains 1000 cats, 1000 dogs, 1000 tigers, and 4000 Rabbits. Then there is a considerable probability that it will identify the cat as a rabbit. In this example, we had a vast amount of data, but it was biased; hence the prediction was negatively affected.  

We can tackle this issue by:

  • Analyzing the data with the utmost level of perfection
  • Use data augmentation technique
  • Remove outliers in the training set
  • Select a model with lesser features

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4. Machine Learning is a Complex Process

The machine learning industry is young and is continuously changing. Rapid hit and trial experiments are being carried on. The process is transforming, and hence there are high chances of error which makes the learning complex. It includes analyzing the data, removing data bias, training data, applying complex mathematical calculations, and a lot more. Hence it is a really complicated process which is another big challenge for Machine learning professionals.

5. Lack of Training Data

The most important task you need to do in the machine learning process is to train the data to achieve an accurate output. Less amount training data will produce inaccurate or too biased predictions. Let us understand this with the help of an example. Consider a machine learning algorithm similar to training a child. One day you decided to explain to a child how to distinguish between an apple and a watermelon. You will take an apple and a watermelon and show him the difference between both based on their color, shape, and taste. In this way, soon, he will attain perfection in differentiating between the two. But on the other hand, a machine-learning algorithm needs a lot of data to distinguish. For complex problems, it may even require millions of data to be trained. Therefore we need to ensure that Machine learning algorithms are trained with sufficient amounts of data.

6. Slow Implementation

This is one of the common issues faced by machine learning professionals. The machine learning models are highly efficient in providing accurate results, but it takes a tremendous amount of time. Slow programs, data overload, and excessive requirements usually take a lot of time to provide accurate results. Further, it requires constant monitoring and maintenance to deliver the best output.

7. Imperfections in the Algorithm When Data Grows

So you have found quality data, trained it amazingly, and the predictions are really concise and accurate. Yay, you have learned how to create a machine learning algorithm!!  But wait, there is a twist; the model may become useless in the future as data grows. The best model of the present may become inaccurate in the coming Future and require further rearrangement. So you need regular monitoring and maintenance to keep the algorithm working. This is one of the most exhausting issues faced by machine learning professionals.

Conclusion: Machine learning is all set to bring a big bang transformation in technology. It is one of the most rapidly growing technologies used in medical diagnosis, speech recognition, robotic training, product recommendations, video surveillance, and this list goes on. This continuously evolving domain offers immense job satisfaction, excellent opportunities, global exposure, and exorbitant salary. It is a high risk and a high return technology. Before starting your machine learning journey, ensure that you carefully examine the challenges mentioned above. To learn this fantastic technology, you need to plan carefully, stay patient, and maximize your efforts. Once you win this battle, you can conquer the Future of work and land your dream job!

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