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5 Best Frameworks For Developing Decentralized Applications

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  • Last Updated : 03 Aug, 2022
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Decentralized applications are the types of distributed open-source applications that run autonomously on a peer-to-peer blockchain network. Dpps are similar to the other traditional applications and provide some functions or utility to the users. The top 5 best frameworks for developing decentralized applications are discussed in this article-

  1. Hardhat
  2. Embark
  3. Brownie
  4. Truffle
  5. OpenZeppelin

1. Hardhat

Hardhat is a based-on javascript framework for developers to test, compile, deploy and debug Decentralized applications based on the Ethereum blockchain which is based on ethers.js. The ethers.js library aims to be a complete and compact library for interacting with the Ethereum Blockchain and its ecosystem. It was originally designed for use with ethers.io and has since expanded into a more general-purpose library.

Hardhat helps developers manage tasks inherent to developing a decentralized application and smart contracts. Hardhat has an in-built Ethereum network designed for development. If some transaction of a Decentralized application fails then the network focuses on high-end debugging which provides developers with the needed tools to understand where the application fails.

Features:

  • Hardhat has a very highly flexible and customizable design.
  • Ether is the default library for a hardhat.
  • Hardhat can easily deploy our contracts, run tests and debug solidity code.
  • Hardhat is used for Solidity debugging, We get the stack traces,  all console logs, and error messages.
  • Hardhat is designed for professionals.

Advantages:

  • Hardhat is one the most popular with more than 15k users on GitHub so the community support is easily available and there is “console.log” for making debugging faster.
  • In hardhat, one can build our own scripts and plugins where one can build the environment that one wants.
  • Hardhat has the ability to run typescript.

Disadvantages:

  • Experienced people only use hardhat since their documentation is only for beginners.

2. Embark

Embark is also a popular framework for developing a decentralized application and is also it’s used to make development faster and more streamlined by providing a set of tools/functionalities Embark is not for smart contract deployment and a testing framework is also used for front-end and an end-to-end suite of tools.

Features:

  • With the help of embark, one can build an advanced Decentralized Application.
  • It has a Web UI dashboard that gives an overview of all processes controlled by Embark.
  • With the use of Cockpit’s explorer, one can see or review any smart contract easily. 
  • Embark has Service monitoring, Real-time Deployment.

Advantages:

  • By using Embark we can run/manage various types of chains like private net, testnet, etc.
  • Embark has a dashboard for reviewing the system. It has about 3.5k stars on GitHub.
  • Embark has a dashboard that will provide tracking of information like the state of contracts.

Disadvantages:

  • We may have errors while installing embark.

3. Brownie

Brownie is based on a Python development and testing framework for smart contracts targeting the Ethereum Virtual Machine. It supports Viper which is Python smart contract language that is similar to Solidity which is used to write smart contracts. It is 2nd most popular language. So Brownie is used for debugging testing and deploying the smart contracts. 

Features:

  • Brownie has a built-in console for project interaction.
  • It uses pytest for contract testing.
  • The ethPM which is a package manager for managing any smart contract system is supported by Brownie.
  • Brownie can be imported as a package and used within regular Python scripts.
  • Built-in console for quick project interaction.

Advantages:

  • By using brownie we can have full support for Solidity and Vyper which are smart contract languages.
  • Brownie is based on python.
  • It is easier to deploy local blockchain.
  • Whenever some error occurs it stops and shows the error in the console warning the client.

Disadvantages: 

  • Only python programming language is used in the Brownie framework
  • It doesn’t  support javascript language 

4. Truffle 

A truffle is a popular tool for making smart contracts, a testing framework aiming to make the life of Ethereum developers easier. It supports javascript also. Truffle suite has three different parts they are Truffle, Ganache, and Drizzle.

Features:

  • Truffle has better smart contract management.
  • Contact automation testing is available.
  • Support package management.
  • It has an interactive console for efficient communication.
  • Tight integration.

Advantages:

  • Truffle is more popular than other frameworks such as a hardhat which has active community support.
  • Truffle has migration that is similar to deploying.
  • Truffle use web3.js which is also the first JS API.
  • Has beginner friendly setup.

Disadvantages:

  • Truffle is a little bit slower compared to a hardhat.
  • Testing/debugging in truffle is difficult compared to the hardhat framework.

5. OpenZeppelin

OpenZeppelin is a secured framework that provides tools to write, and deploy the decentralized application and OpenZeppelin has built-in upgradable smart contracts. Solidity programing language is used in OpenZeppelin for developing smart contracts.OpenZeppelin includes the ERC20 library. In Contracts library which of modular and is used for secure smart contracts for the Ethereum Blockchain which is written in solidity.

Features:

  • The most important part that OpenZeppelin focuses on is Security, they have top-notch security for contracts.
  • They have a modular approach and OpenZeppelin is an open source platform that has active community feedback and is used by leading players in the market.
  • Creating standards like ERC20 which is a token contract that keeps track of fungible tokens and ERC20.
  • We can edit/upgrade our contracts.

Advantages:

  • Provides upgradeable contract.
  • Provides high-end security, reliability, and risk management.
  • Provides security inspection based on our request and applies security precautions to verify whether our Decentralized application is secure or not.
  • Provides implementation and suggestions after pinpointing possible errors in the code.

Disadvantages:

  • The drawback of upgradeable contracts is the privileged role that is in charge of handling this upgrade.

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
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