Big Data is the most valuable commodity in present times! The data generated by companies and people is growing so much that the data generated would reach 175 zettabytes in 2025 whereas it is around 50 zettabytes currently.
And Python is the best programming language to manage this Big Data because of its capacity for statistical analysis and its easy readability. Well, there are many more reasons that contribute to the success of Python. One of these is its library support for data science and analytics. Many top companies such as Google, Facebook, Mozilla, Quora, etc. use Python for managing their data. But let’s study all these reasons in detail to understand the popularity of Python and its astounding growth rate in Big Data Analytics.
1. Python is Open-source and Easy to Learn
Python is an open-source programming language that you can use for free. In fact, you can download the recent version of Python directly from their official website python.org. And Python is easy to learn as well! It is simple with an easily readable syntax and that makes it well-loved by both seasoned developers and experimental students. The simplicity of Python means that Big Data Engineers and Data Scientists can focus on actually managing the big data and obtaining actionable insights rather than spend all their time (and energy!) understanding just the technical nuances of the language. That’s one of the reasons to use Python for Big Data!
2. Python is Flexible and Scalable
Python is very scalable in handling large amounts of data which is a necessity where Big Data is concerned. Other programming languages that are used in Big data Analytics like Java and R are not as flexible and scalable when compared to Python. If the data volume is increased, Python can easily increase the speed of processing the data which is tough to do in Java or R. Python is also extremely flexible. and supremely efficient. It allows developers to complete more work using fewer lines of code. The Python code is also easily understandable by humans, which makes it ideal for Big Data analytics.
3. Python has Multiple Libraries
Python is already quite popular and consequently, it has hundreds of different libraries and frameworks that can be used by developers. These libraries and frameworks are really useful in saving time which in turn makes Python even more popular (That’s a beneficial cycle!!!).
Many Python libraries are specifically useful for Data Analytics and Machine Learning. These libraries provide a lot of support for handling Big Data which is one of the reasons for choosing Python for Big Data. Some of these libraries are given below:
- Pandas is a free software library for data analysis and data handling. It provides various data structures and operations for manipulating data in the form of numerical tables and time series. Pandas also have multiple tools for reading and writing data between in-memory data structures and different file formats.
- NumPy is a free software library for numerical computing on data that can be in the form of large arrays and multi-dimensional matrices. NumPy also provides various high-level mathematical functions to manipulate this data with linear algebra, Fourier transforms, random number crunchings, etc.
- SciPy is a free software library for scientific computing and technical computing on the data. SciPy allows for data optimization, data integration, data interpolation, and data modification using linear algebra, special functions, etc.
- Scikit-learn is a free software library for Machine Learning that various classification, regression, and clustering algorithms related to this. Also, Scikit-learn can be used in conjugation with NumPy and SciPy.
4. Python has High Processing Speed
Python has a high speed for data processing which makes it optimal for usage with Big Data. The data codes written in Python can be executed in a fraction of time compared to other programming languages because the programs are written in simple and easy to manage code. Earlier, Python was considered to be a slower language as compared to Java or Scala but the scenario has changed now with the advent of Anaconda. This has consistently made each version of Python faster than ever before and also make Python one of the most popular options for Big Data in the tech industry.
5. Python is Portable and Extensible
This is an important reason why Python is so popular in Data Science. A lot of cross-language operations can be performed easily on Python because of its portable and extensible nature. Many data scientists prefer using Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) for training their ML models using data on their machines and the portable nature of Python is well suited for this. Also, many different platforms support Python such as Windows, Macintosh, Linux, Solaris, etc. In addition to this, Python can also be integrated with Java, .NET components, or C/C++ libraries because of its extensible nature.
6. Python has Data processing Support
Python provides inbuilt support for Data Processing and that’s one of the reasons it is so popular with Big Data companies. Python provides features for identifying and processing unstructured data which can include voice, text, and image data as well. Python can also handle data processing when the data is in different files such as CSV, XML, HTML, SQL, and JSON, etc. and the processing format for each file is different. Some of the Python libraries that can be used for data processing include Pandas, NumPy, SciPy, etc.
7. Python Provides Increased Compatibility with Hadoop
Python and Hadoop are open-source big data platforms and that’s why Python is securely compatible with Hadoop. Most developers prefer to use Python along with Hadoop rather than Java or Scala because of the huge amount of Python supporting libraries for data analytics. Python also has the PyDoop Package which provides excellent support for Hadoop to Python developers. Pydoop package provides access to the HDFS API for Hadoop which allows you to read and write data files from global file systems. Pydoop also provides the MapReduce API which is used for solving complex data science concepts using minimal programming efforts which is the hallmark of Python. This is also an excellent reason to choose Python over other programming languages for Big Data.
8. Python has Supported from a Large Community
Python has been around since 1990 and that is ample time to create a supportive community. Because of this support, Python learners can easily improve their Big Data and Data Analytics knowledge, which only leads to increasing popularity. And that’s not all! There are many resources available online to promote big data in Python, that developers and data scientists can access if they need any help. Also, Corporate support is a very important part of the success of Python for Big Data. Many top companies such as Google, Facebook, Instagram, Netflix, Quora, etc use Python for their products. Google is single-handedly responsible for creating many of the Python libraries for data analytics such as Keras, TensorFlow, etc.
9. Python Provides Data Visualization Support
Python provides many packages that can be used for data visualization as compared to other programming languages. Data visualization is a very important part of understanding the hidden patterns and layers in the data and Python provides much more facilities for this as compared to its prime competitor R. Some of the Python libraries that provide tools for data visualization are Matplotit, Plotly, NetworkX, Pyga, ggplot, Seaborn, Altair, etc.
10. Python has IDEs For Data Science
Python has various IDE’s that allow data visualization, data analysis, machine learning, natural language processing, etc. which in turn makes them suited for data science. Some of these IDE’s are given as follows:
- Spyder is an open-source IDE that can be integrated with many different Python packages such as NumPy, SymPy, SciPy, pandas, IPython, etc. The Spyder editor also supports code introspection, code completion, syntax highlighting, horizontal and vertical splitting, etc.
- Pycharm is an IDE developed by JetBrains. It has various features such as code analysis, integrated unit tester, integrated Python debugger, support for web frameworks, etc. Pycharm is particularly useful in data science and machine learning because it supports libraries such as Pandas, Matplotlib, Scikit-Learn, NumPy, etc.
- Rodeo is an open-source IDE that was developed ]for data science in Python. So Rodeo includes Python tutorials and also cheat sheets that can be used for reference if required. Some of the features of Rodeo are syntax highlighting, auto-completion, easy interaction with data frames and plots, built-in IPython support, etc.