Namedtuple in Python

3

Python supports a type of container like dictionaries called “namedtuples()” present in module, “collection“. Like dictionaries they contain keys that are hashed to a particular value. But on contrary, it supports both access from key value and iteration, the functionality that dictionaries lack.

Operations on namedtuple() :

Access Operations

1. Access by index : The attribute values of namedtuple() are ordered and can be accessed using the index number unlike dictionaries which are not accessible by index.

2. Access by keyname : Access by keyname is also allowed as in dictionaries.

3. using getattr() :- This is yet another way to access the value by giving namedtuple and key value as its argument.

# Python code to demonstrate namedtuple() and
# Access by name, index and getattr()

# importing "collections" for namedtuple()
import collections

# Declaring namedtuple()
Student = collections.namedtuple('Student',['name','age','DOB'])

# Adding values
S = Student('Nandini','19','2541997')

# Access using index
print ("The Student age using index is : ",end ="")
print (S[1])

# Access using name 
print ("The Student name using keyname is : ",end ="")
print (S.name)

# Access using getattr()
print ("The Student DOB using getattr() is : ",end ="")
print (getattr(S,'DOB'))

Output :

The Student age using index is : 19
The Student name using keyname is : Nandini
The Student DOB using getattr() is : 2541997

Conversion Operations

1. _make() :- This function is used to return a namedtuple() from the iterable passed as argument.

2. _asdict() :- This function returns the OrdereDict() as constructed from the mapped values of namedtuple().

3. using “**” (double star) operator :- This function is used to convert a dictionary into the namedtuple().

# Python code to demonstrate namedtuple() and
# _make(), _asdict() and "**" operator

# importing "collections" for namedtuple()
import collections

# Declaring namedtuple()
Student = collections.namedtuple('Student',['name','age','DOB'])

# Adding values
S = Student('Nandini','19','2541997')

# initializing iterable 
li = ['Manjeet', '19', '411997' ]

# initializing dict
di = { 'name' : "Nikhil", 'age' : 19 , 'DOB' : '1391997' }

# using _make() to return namedtuple()
print ("The namedtuple instance using iterable is  : ")
print (Student._make(li))

# using _asdict() to return an OrderedDict()
print ("The OrderedDict instance using namedtuple is  : ")
print (S._asdict())

# using ** operator to return namedtuple from dictionary
print ("The namedtuple instance from dict is  : ")
print (Student(**di))

Output :

The namedtuple instance using iterable is  : 
Student(name='Manjeet', age='19', DOB='411997')
The OrderedDict instance using namedtuple is  : 
OrderedDict([('name', 'Nandini'), ('age', '19'), ('DOB', '2541997')])
The namedtuple instance from dict is  : 
Student(name='Nikhil', age=19, DOB='1391997')

Additional Operations

1. _fields :- This function is used to return all the keynames of the namespace declared.

2. _replace() :- This function is used to change the values mapped with the passed keyname.

# Python code to demonstrate namedtuple() and
# _fields and _replace()

# importing "collections" for namedtuple()
import collections

# Declaring namedtuple()
Student = collections.namedtuple('Student',['name','age','DOB'])

# Adding values
S = Student('Nandini','19','2541997')

# using _fields to display all the keynames of namedtuple()
print ("All the fields of students are : ")
print (S._fields)

# using _replace() to change the attribute values of namedtuple
print ("The modified namedtuple is : ")
print(S._replace(name = 'Manjeet'))

Output :

All the fields of students are : 
('name', 'age', 'DOB')
The modified namedtuple is : 
Student(name='Manjeet', age='19', DOB='2541997')

This article is contributed by Manjeet Singh. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

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