Minimum rotations to unlock a circular lock

2.5

You are given a lock which is made up of n-different circular rings and each ring has 0-9 digit printed serially on it. Initially all n-rings together show a n-digit integer but there is particular code only which can open the lock. You can rotate each ring any number of time in either direction. You have to find the minimum number of rotation done on rings of lock to open the lock.


Image Source : colourbox.com

Examples:

Input : Input = 2345, Unlock code = 5432 
Output : Rotations required = 8
Explanation : 1st ring is rotated thrice as 2->3->4->5
              2nd ring is rotated once as 3->4
              3rd ring is rotated once as 4->3
              4th ring is rotated thrice as 5->4->3->2

Input : Input = 1919, Unlock code = 0000 
Output : Rotations required = 4
Explanation : 1st ring is rotated once as 1->0
              2nd ring is rotated once as 9->0
              3rd ring is rotated once as 1->0
              4th ring is rotated once as 9->0

For a single ring we can rotate it in any of two direction forward or backward as:

  • 0->1->2….->9->0
  • 9->8->….0->9

But we are concerned with minimum number of rotation required so we should choose min (abs(a-b), 10-abs(a-b)) as a-b denotes the number of forward rotation and 10-abs(a-b) denotes the number of backward rotation for a ring to rotate from a to b. Further we have to find minimum number for each ring that is for each digit. So starting from right most digit we can easily the find minimum number of rotation required for each ring and end up at left most digit.

C++

// CPP program for min rotation to unlcok
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;

// function for min rotation
int minRotation(int input, int unlock_code)
{
    int rotation = 0;
    int input_digit, code_digit;

    // iterate till input and unlock code become 0
    while (input || unlock_code) {
  
        // input and unlock last digit as reminder
        input_digit = input % 10;
        code_digit = unlock_code % 10;

        // find min rotation
        rotation += min(abs(input_digit - code_digit), 
                   10 - abs(input_digit - code_digit));

        // update code and input
        input /= 10;
        unlock_code /= 10;
    }

    return rotation;
}

// driver code
int main()
{
    int input = 28756;
    int unlock_code = 98234;
    cout << "Minimum Rotation = "
        << minRotation(input, unlock_code);
    return 0;
}

Java

// Java program for min rotation to unlcok
class GFG
{

    // function for min rotation
    static int minRotation(int input, int unlock_code)
    {
        int rotation = 0;
        int input_digit, code_digit;

        // iterate till input and unlock code become 0
        while (input>0 || unlock_code>0) {

            // input and unlock last digit as reminder
            input_digit = input % 10;
            code_digit = unlock_code % 10;

            // find min rotation
            rotation += Math.min(Math.abs(input_digit
                       - code_digit), 10 - Math.abs(
                          input_digit - code_digit));

            // update code and input
            input /= 10;
            unlock_code /= 10;
        }

        return rotation;
    }

    // driver code
    public static void main (String[] args) {
    int input = 28756;
    int unlock_code = 98234;
    System.out.println("Minimum Rotation = "+
                  minRotation(input, unlock_code));
    }
}

/* This code is contributed by Mr. Somesh Awasthi */


Output:

Minimum Rotation = 12

This article is contributed by Shivam Pradhan (anuj_charm). If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

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