Calendar Functions in Python | Set 2(monthrange(), prcal(), weekday()…)

2.5

 
Some of calendar functions are discussed in the Set 1

1. monthrange(year, month) :- This function returns two integers, first, the starting day number of week(0 as monday) , second, the number of days in the month.

2. prcal(year, w, l, c) :- This function also prints the calendar of specific year but there is no need of “print” operation to execute this.

# Python code to demonstrate the working of
# monthrange() and prcal()

# importing calendar module for calendar operations
import calendar

# using monthrange() to print start week day and 
# number of month
print ("The start week number and no. of days of month : ",end="")
print (calendar.monthrange(2008, 2))

# using prcal() to print calendar of 1997
print ("The calendar of 1997 is : ")
calendar.prcal(1997, 2,1,6)

Output:

The start week number and no. of days of month : (4, 29)
The calendar of 1997 is : 
                                  1997

      January                   February                   March
Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su      Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su      Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
       1  2  3  4  5                      1  2                      1  2
 6  7  8  9 10 11 12       3  4  5  6  7  8  9       3  4  5  6  7  8  9
13 14 15 16 17 18 19      10 11 12 13 14 15 16      10 11 12 13 14 15 16
20 21 22 23 24 25 26      17 18 19 20 21 22 23      17 18 19 20 21 22 23
27 28 29 30 31            24 25 26 27 28            24 25 26 27 28 29 30
                                                    31

       April                      May                       June
Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su      Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su      Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
    1  2  3  4  5  6                1  2  3  4                         1
 7  8  9 10 11 12 13       5  6  7  8  9 10 11       2  3  4  5  6  7  8
14 15 16 17 18 19 20      12 13 14 15 16 17 18       9 10 11 12 13 14 15
21 22 23 24 25 26 27      19 20 21 22 23 24 25      16 17 18 19 20 21 22
28 29 30                  26 27 28 29 30 31         23 24 25 26 27 28 29
                                                    30

        July                     August                  September
Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su      Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su      Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
    1  2  3  4  5  6                   1  2  3       1  2  3  4  5  6  7
 7  8  9 10 11 12 13       4  5  6  7  8  9 10       8  9 10 11 12 13 14
14 15 16 17 18 19 20      11 12 13 14 15 16 17      15 16 17 18 19 20 21
21 22 23 24 25 26 27      18 19 20 21 22 23 24      22 23 24 25 26 27 28
28 29 30 31               25 26 27 28 29 30 31      29 30

      October                   November                  December
Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su      Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su      Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
       1  2  3  4  5                      1  2       1  2  3  4  5  6  7
 6  7  8  9 10 11 12       3  4  5  6  7  8  9       8  9 10 11 12 13 14
13 14 15 16 17 18 19      10 11 12 13 14 15 16      15 16 17 18 19 20 21
20 21 22 23 24 25 26      17 18 19 20 21 22 23      22 23 24 25 26 27 28
27 28 29 30 31            24 25 26 27 28 29 30      29 30 31

3. prmonth(year, month, w, l) :- This function also prints the month of specific year but there is no need of “print” operation to execute this.

4. setfirstweekday(num) :- This function sets the day start number of week.

# Python code to demonstrate the working of
# prmonth() and setfirstweekday()

# importing calendar module for calendar operations
import calendar

# using prmonth() to print calendar of 1997
print ("The 4th month of 1997 is : ")
calendar.prmonth(1997, 4, 2, 1)


# using setfirstweekday() to set first week day number
calendar.setfirstweekday(4)

print ("\r")

# using firstweekday() to check the changed day
print ("The new week day number is : ",end="")
print (calendar.firstweekday())

Output:

The 4th month of 1997 is : 
     April 1997
Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
    1  2  3  4  5  6
 7  8  9 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30
 
The new week day number is : 4

5. weekday(year, month, date) :- This function returns the week day number(0 is Monday) of the date specified in its arguments.

# Python code to demonstrate the working of
# weekday()

# importing calendar module for calendar operations
import calendar

# using weekday() to print day number of date
print ("The day number of 25 April 1997 is : ",end="")
print (calendar.weekday(1997,4,25))

Output:

The day number of 25 April 1997 is : 4

This article is contributed by Manjeet Singh. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

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